U.S. Code of Federal Regulations

Regulations most recently checked for updates: Jul 16, 2024

§ 361.1 - Definitions.

Terms used in the singular form in this part shall be construed as the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand. The following terms, when used in this part, shall be construed, respectively, to mean:

Administrator. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, or any other individual to whom the Administrator delegates authority to act in his or her stead.

Agricultural seed. The following kinds and varieties of grass, forage, and field crop seed that are used for seeding purposes in the United States:

Agrotricum—x Agrotriticum Ciferri and Giacom. Alfalfa—Medicago sativa L. Alfilaria—Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. Alyceclover—Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. Bahiagrass—Paspalum notatum Fluegge Barley—Hordeum vulgare L. Barrelclover—Medicago truncatula Gaertn. Bean, adzuki—Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi and Ohashi Bean, field—Phaseolus vulgaris L. Bean, mung—Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek Beet, field—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris Beet, sugar—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris Beggarweed, Florida—Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC. Bentgrass, colonial—Agrostis capillaris L. Bentgrass, creeping—Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds.) Farw. Bentgrass, velvet—Agrostis canina L. Bermudagrass—Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. dactylon Bermudagrass, giant—Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. aridus Harlan and de Wet Bluegrass, annual—Poa annua L. Bluegrass, bulbous—Poa bulbosa L. Bluegrass, Canada—Poa compressa L. Bluegrass, glaucantha—Poa glauca Vahl Bluegrass, Kentucky—Poa pratensis L. Bluegrass, Nevada—Poa secunda J.S. Presl Bluegrass, rough—Poa trivialis L. Bluegrass, Texas—Poa arachnifera Torr. Bluegrass, wood—Poa nemoralis L. Bluejoint—Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) P. Beauv. Bluestem, big—Andropogon gerardii Vitm. var. gerardii Bluestem, little—Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash Bluestem, sand—Andropogon hallii Hack. Bluestem, yellow—Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng Bottlebrush-squirreltail—Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey Brome, field—Bromus arvensis L. Brome, meadow—Bromus biebersteinii Roem. and Schult. Brome, mountain—Bromus marginatus Steud. Brome, smooth—Bromus inermis Leyss. Broomcorn—Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Buckwheat—Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Buffalograss—Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm. Buffelgrass—Cenchrus ciliaris L. Burclover, California—Medicago polymorpha L. Burclover, spotted—Medicago arabica (L.) Huds. Burnet, little—Sanguisorba minor Scop. Buttonclover—Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal. Canarygrass—Phalaris canariensis L. Canarygrass, reed—Phalaris arundinacea L. Carpetgrass—Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. Castorbean—Ricinus communis L. Chess, soft—Bromus hordeaceus L. Chickpea—Cicer arietinum L. Clover, alsike—Trifolium hybridum L. Clover, arrowleaf—Trifolium vesiculosum Savi Clover, berseem—Trifolium alexandrinum L. Clover, cluster—Trifolium glomeratum L. Clover, crimson—Trifolium incarnatum L. Clover, Kenya—Trifolium semipilosum Fresen. Clover, ladino—Trifolium repens L. Clover, lappa—Trifolium lappaceum L. Clover, large hop—Trifolium campestre Schreb. Clover, Persian—Trifolium resupinatum L. Clover, red or Red clover, mammoth—Trifolium pratense L. Red clover, medium—Trifolium pratense L. Clover, rose—Trifolium hirtum All. Clover, small hop or suckling—Trifolium dubium Sibth. Clover, strawberry—Trifolium fragiferum L. Clover, sub or subterranean—Trifolium subterraneum L. Clover, white—Trifolium repens L. (also see Clover, ladino) Clover—(also see Alyceclover, Burclover, Buttonclover, Sourclover, Sweetclover) Corn, field—Zea mays L. Corn, pop—Zea mays L. Cotton—Gossypium spp. Cowpea—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata Crambe—Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fries Crested dogtail—Cynosurus cristatus L. Crotalaria, lance—Crotalaria lanceolata E. Mey. Crotalaria, showy—Crotalaria spectabilis Roth Crotalaria, slenderleaf—Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polh. Crotalaria, striped or smooth—Crotalaria pallida Ait. Crotalaria, sunn—Crotalaria juncea L. Crownvetch—Coronilla varia L. Dallisgrass—Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Dichondra—Dichondra repens Forst. and Forst. f. Dropseed, sand—Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray Emmer—Triticum dicoccon Schrank Fescue, chewings—Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaud. Fescue, hair—Festuca tenuifolia Sibth. Fescue, hard—Festuca brevipila Tracey Fescue, meadow—Festuca pratensis Huds. Fescue, red—Festuca rubra L. subsp. rubra Fescue, sheep—Festuca ovina L. var. ovina Fescue, tall—Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Flax—Linum usitatissimum L. Galletagrass—Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Benth. Grama, blue—Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Steud. Grama, side-oats—Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Guar—Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. Guineagrass—Panicum maximum Jacq. var. maximum Hardinggrass—Phalaris stenoptera Hack. Hemp—Cannabis sativa L. Indiangrass, yellow—Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash Indigo, hairy—Indigofera hirsuta L. Japanese lawngrass—Zoysia japonica Steud. Johnsongrass—Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Kenaf—Hibiscus cannabinus L. Kochia, forage—Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad. Kudzu—Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida Lentil—Lens culinaris Medik. Lespedeza, Korean—Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese—Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Lespedeza, Siberian—Lespedeza juncea (L. f.) Pers. Lespedeza, striate—Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindler Lovegrass, sand—Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Wood Lovegrass, weeping—Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees Lupine, blue—Lupinus angustifolius L. Lupine, white—Lupinus albus L. Lupine, yellow—Lupinus luteus L. Manilagrass—Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. Meadow foxtail—Alopecurus pratensis L. Medic, black—Medicago lupulina L. Milkvetch or cicer milkvetch—Astragalus cicer L. Millet, browntop—Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf Millet, foxtail—Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. Millet, Japanese—Echinochloa frumentacea Link Millet, pearl—Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. Millet, proso—Panicum miliaceum L. Molassesgrass—Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Mustard, black—Brassica nigra (L.) Koch Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss. Mustard, white—Sinapis alba L. Napiergrass—Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. Needlegrass, green—Stipa viridula Trin. Oat—Avena byzantina C. Koch, A. sativa L., A. nuda L. Oatgrass, tall—Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.S. Presl and K.B. Presl Orchardgrass—Dactylis glomerata L. Panicgrass, blue—Panicum antidotale Retz. Panicgrass, green—Panicum maximum Jacq. var. trichoglume Robyns Pea, field—Pisum sativum L. Peanut—Arachis hypogaea L. Poa trivialis—(see Bluegrass, rough) Rape, annual—Brassica napus L. var. annua Koch Rape, bird—Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa Rape, turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. silvestris (Lam.) Janchen Rape, winter—Brassica napus L. var. biennis (Schubl. and Mart.) Reichb. Redtop—Agrostis gigantea Roth Rescuegrass—Bromus catharticus Vahl Rhodesgrass—Chloris gayana Kunth Rice—Oryza sativa L. Ricegrass, Indian—Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roem. and Schult.) Ricker Roughpea—Lathyrus hirsutus L. Rye—Secale cereale L. Rye, mountain—Secale strictum (K.B. Presl) K.B. Presl subsp. strictum Ryegrass, annual or Italian—Lolium multiflorum Lam. Ryegrass, intermediate—Lolium × hybridum Hausskn. Ryegrass, perennial—Lolium perenne L. Ryegrass, Wimmera—Lolium rigidum Gaud. Safflower—Carthamus tinctorius L. Sagewort, Louisiana—Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Sainfoin—Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. Saltbush, fourwing—Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. Sesame—Sesamum indicum L. Sesbania—Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) A.W. Hill Smilo—Piptatherum miliaceum (L.) Coss. Sorghum—Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Sorghum almum—Sorghum × almum L. Parodi Sorghum-sudangrass—Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase Sorgrass—Rhizomatous derivatives of a johnsongrass × sorghum cross or a johnsongrass × sudangrass cross Southernpea—(See Cowpea) Sourclover—Melilotus indicus (L.) All. Soybean—Glycine max (L.) Merr. Spelt—Triticum spelta L. Sudangrass—Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase Sunflower—Helianthus annuus L. Sweetclover, white—Melilotus albus Medik. Sweetclover, yellow—Melilotus officinalis Lam. Sweet vernalgrass—Anthoxanthum odoratum L. Sweetvetch, northern—Hedysarum boreale Nutt. Switchgrass—Panicum virgatum L. Timothy—Phleum pratense L. Timothy, turf—Phleum bertolonii DC. Tobacco—Nicotiana tabacum L. Trefoil, big—Lotus uliginosus Schk. Trefoil, birdsfoot—Lotus corniculatus L. Triticale—x Triticosecale Wittm. (Secale × Triticum) Vaseygrass—Paspalum urvillei Steud. Veldtgrass—Ehrharta calycina J.E. Smith Velvetbean—Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. var. utilis (Wight) Burck Velvetgrass—Holcus lanatus L. Vetch, common—Vicia sativa L. subsp. sativa Vetch, hairy—Vicia villosa Roth subsp. villosa Vetch, Hungarian—Vicia pannonica Crantz Vetch, monantha—Vicia articulata Hornem. Vetch, narrowleaf or blackpod—Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh. Vetch, purple—Vicia benghalensis L. Vetch, woollypod or winter—Vicia villosa Roth subsp. varia (Host) Corb. Wheat, common—Triticum aestivum L. Wheat, club—Triticum compactum Host Wheat, durum—Triticum durum Desf. Wheat, Polish—Triticum polonicum L. Wheat, poulard—Triticum turgidum L. Wheat × Agrotricum—Triticum × Agrotriticum Wheatgrass, beardless—Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Love Wheatgrass, crested or fairway crested—Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. Wheatgrass, crested or standard crested—Agropyron desertorum (Link) Schult. Wheatgrass, intermediate—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia Wheatgrass, pubescent—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia Wheatgrass, Siberian—Agropyron fragile (Roth) Candargy subsp. sibiricum (Willd.) Meld. Wheatgrass, slender—Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinn. Wheatgrass, streambank—Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. and J.G. Smith) Gould subsp. lanceolatus Wheatgrass, tall—Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski Wheatgrass, western—Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Love Wildrye, basin—Leymus cinereus (Scribn. and Merr.) A. Love Wildrye, Canada—Elymus canadensis L. Wildrye, Russian—Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski Zoysia japonica—(see Japanese lawngrass) Zoysia matrella—(see Manilagrass)

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

APHIS inspector. Any employee of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service or any other individual authorized by the Administrator to enforce this part.

Coated Seed. Any seed unit covered with any substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed. Seeds coated with ingredients such as, but not limited to, rhizobia, dyes, and pesticides are excluded.

Declaration. A written statement of a grower, shipper, processor, dealer, or importer giving for any lot of seed the kind, variety, type, origin, or the use for which the seed is intended.

Hybrid. When applied to kinds or varieties of seed means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two or more inbred lines; one inbred or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety; or two selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species. “Controlling the pollination” means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed that is at least 75 percent hybrid seed. Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.

Import/importation. To bring into the territorial limits of the United States.

Kind. One or more related species or subspecies that singly or collectively is known by one common name, e.g., soybean, flax, or carrot.

Lot of seed. A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors that appear in the labeling.

Mixture. Seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole.

Official seed laboratory. An official laboratory member of the Association of Official Seed Analysts.

Pelleted seed. Any seed unit covered with a substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed in order to improve the plantability or singulation of the seed.

Person. Any individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association, receiver, trustee, or other legal entity or organized group.

Port of first arrival. The land area (such as a seaport, airport, or land border station) where a person, or a land, water, or air vehicle, first arrives after entering the territorial limits of the United States, and where inspection of articles is carried out by APHIS inspectors.

Registered seed technologist. A registered member of the Society of Commercial Seed Technologists.

Screenings. Chaff, sterile florets, immature seed, weed seed, inert matter, and any other materials removed in any way from any seeds in any kind of cleaning or processing and which contains less than 25 percent of live agricultural or vegetable seeds.

State. Any State, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and any other territory or possession of the United States.

United States. All of the States.

Variety. A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, or other characteristics by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind.

Vegetable seed. The seed of the following kinds and varieties that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seed:

Artichoke—Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus Asparagus—Asparagus officinalis Baker Asparagusbean or yard-long bean—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. sesquipedalis (L.) Verdc. Bean, garden—Phaseolus vulgaris L. Bean, lima—Phaseolus lunatus L. Bean, runner or scarlet runner—Phaseolus coccineus L. Beet—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris Broadbean—Vicia faba L. Broccoli—Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. Brussels sprouts—Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC. Burdock, great—Arctium lappa L. Cabbage—Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L. Cabbage, Chinese—Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensis (Lour.) Hanelt Cabbage, tronchuda—Brassica oleracea L. var. costata DC. Cantaloupe—(see Melon) Cardoon—Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus Carrot—Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. Cauliflower—Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. Celeriac—Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaud. Celery—Apium graveolens L. var. dulce (Mill.) Pers. Chard, Swiss—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cicla (L.) Koch Chicory—Cichorium intybus L. Chives—Allium schoenoprasum L. Citron—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. citroides (Bailey) Mansf. Collards—Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. Corn, sweet—Zea mays L. Cornsalad—Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade Cowpea—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata Cress, garden—Lepidium sativum L. Cress, upland—Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch. Cress, water—Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek Cucumber—Cucumis sativus L. Dandelion—Taraxacum officinale Wigg. Dill—Anethum graveolens L. Eggplant—Solanum melongena L. Endive—Cichorium endivia L. Gherkin, West India—Cucumis anguria L. Kale—Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. Kale, Chinese—Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra (Bailey) Musil Kale, Siberian—Brassica napus L. var. pabularia (DC.) Reichb. Kohlrabi—Brassica oleracea L. var. gongylodes L. Leek—Allium porrum L. Lettuce—Lactuca sativa L. Melon—Cucumis melo L. Muskmelon—(see Melon). Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss. Mustard, spinach—Brassica perviridis (Bailey) Bailey Okra—Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench Onion—Allium cepa L. Onion, Welsh—Allium fistulosum L. Pak-choi—Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt Parsley—Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill Parsnip—Pastinaca sativa L. Pea—Pisum sativum L. Pepper—Capsicum spp. Pe-tsai—(see Chinese cabbage). Pumpkin—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne Radish—Raphanus sativus L. Rhubarb—Rheum rhabarbarum L. Rutabaga—Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb. Sage—Salvia officinalis L. Salsify—Tragopogon porrifolius L. Savory, summer—Satureja hortensis L. Sorrel—Rumex acetosa L. Southernpea—(see Cowpea). Soybean—Glycine max (L.) Merr. Spinach—Spinacia oleracea L. Spinach, New Zealand—Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Ktze. Squash—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne Tomato—Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Tomato, husk—Physalis pubescens L. Turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa Watermelon—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. lanatus