U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
Regulations most recently checked for updates: Jun 10, 2023
(a) Act means the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Pub. L. 94–163), and amendments thereto.
(b) ANSI means the American National Standards Institute and, as used herein, is the prefix for national standards and codes adopted by ANSI.
(c) ASME means the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and, as used herein, is the prefix for national standards and codes adopted by ASME.
(d) Average lamp efficacy means the lamp efficacy readings taken over a statistically significant period of manufacture with the readings averaged over that period.
(e) Ballast efficacy factor means the relative light output divided by the power input of a fluorescent lamp ballast, as measured under test conditions specified in American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard C82.2–1984, or as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Energy. Copies of ANSI standard C82.2–1984 may be obtained from the American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd St., New York, NY 10036.
(f) Base for lamps means the portion of the lamp which screws into the socket.
(g) Bulb shape means the shape of the lamp, especially the glass portion.
(h) Catalog means printed material, including material disseminated over the Internet, which contains the terms of sale, retail price, and instructions for ordering, from which a retail consumer can order a covered product.
(i) Color rendering index or CRI for lamps means the measure of the degree of color shift objects undergo when illuminated by a light source as compared with the color of those same objects when illuminated by a reference source of comparable color temperature.
(j) Commission means the Federal Trade Commission.
(k) Consumer product means any article (other than an automobile, as “automobile” is defined in 15 U.S.C. 2001(1) [sec. 501(1) of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act]) of a type—
(1) Which in operation consumes, or is designed to consume, energy or, with respect to showerheads, faucets, water closets, and urinals, water; and
(2) Which, to any significant extent, is distributed in commerce for personal use or consumption by individuals; without regard to whether such article or such type is in fact distributed in commerce for personal use or consumption by an individual, except that such term includes fluorescent lamp ballasts, metal halide lamp fixtures, general service fluorescent lamps, medium base compact fluorescent lamps, general service incandescent lamps (including incandescent reflector lamps), showerheads, faucets, water closets, and urinals distributed in commerce for personal or commercial use or consumption.
(l) Consumer appliance product means any of the following consumer products, excluding those products designed solely for use in recreational vehicles and other mobile equipment:
(1) Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers that can be operated by alternating current electricity, excluding—
(i) Any type designed to be used without doors; and
(ii) Any type which does not include a compressor and condenser unit as an integral part of the cabinet assembly.
(3) Water heaters.
(4) Room air conditioners.
(5) Clothes washers.
(6) Clothes dryers.
(7) Central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps.
(9) Direct heating equipment.
(10) Pool heaters.
(11) Kitchen ranges and ovens.
(12) Television sets.
(13) Fluorescent lamp ballasts.
(14) General service fluorescent lamps.
(15) Medium base compact fluorescent lamps.
(16) General service incandescent lamps, including incandescent reflector lamps.
(19) Water closets.
(21) Metal halide lamp fixtures.
(22) Ceiling fans.
(23) Portable air conditioners.
(24) Any other type of consumer product that the Department of Energy classifies as a covered product under section 322(b) of the Act (42 U.S.C. 6292).
(m) Correlated color temperature for lamps means the absolute temperature of a blackbody whose chromaticity most nearly resembles that of the light source.
(n) Covered product means any consumer product or consumer appliance product described in § 305.3, § 305.4, § 305.5, or § 305.6 of this part.
(o) Distributor means a person (other than a manufacturer or retailer) to whom a consumer appliance product is delivered or sold for purposes of distribution in commerce.
(p) Energy efficiency rating means the following product-specific energy usage descriptors: Annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) for furnaces; combined energy efficiency ratio (CEER) for room and portable air conditioners; seasonal energy efficiency ratio 2 (SEER2) for the cooling function of central air conditioners and heat pumps; heating seasonal performance factor 2 (HSPF2) for the heating function of heat pumps; airflow efficiency for ceiling fans; and, thermal efficiency (TE) for pool heaters, as these descriptors are determined in accordance with tests prescribed under section 323 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 6293). These product-specific energy usage descriptors shall be used in satisfying all the requirements of this part.
(q) Estimated annual energy consumption and estimated annual operating or energy cost—(1) Estimated annual energy consumption means the energy or (for plumbing products) water that is likely to be consumed annually in representative use of a consumer product, as determined in accordance with tests prescribed under section 323 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 6293).
(i) Kilowatt-hour use per year, or kWh/yr., means estimated annual energy consumption expressed in kilowatt-hours of electricity.
(ii) Therm use per year, or therms/yr., means estimated annual energy consumption expressed in therms of natural gas.
(iii) Gallon use per year, or gallons/yr., means estimated annual energy consumption expressed in gallons of propane or No. 2 heating oil.
(2) Estimated annual operating or energy cost means the aggregate retail cost of the energy that is likely to be consumed annually in representative use of a consumer product, as determined in accordance with tests prescribed under section 323 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 6293).
(r) Flow restricting or controlling spout end device means an aerator used in a faucet.
(s) Flushometer valve means a valve attached to a pressured water supply pipe and so designed that, when actuated, it opens the line for direct flow into the fixture at a rate and quantity to operate properly the fixture, and then gradually closes to provide trap reseal in the fixture in order to avoid water hammer. The pipe to which this device is connected is in itself of sufficient size that, when opened, will allow the device to deliver water at a sufficient rate of flow for flushing purposes.
(t) IES means the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America and, as used herein, is the prefix for test procedures adopted by IES.
(u) Lamp efficacy means the light output of a lamp divided by its wattage, expressed in lumens per watt (LPW).
(v) Lamp type means all lamps designated as having the same electrical and lighting characteristics and made by one manufacturer.
(w) Life and lifetime for lamps mean length of operating time of a statistically large group of lamps between first use and failure of 50 percent of the group.
(x) Light output for lamps means the total luminous flux (power) of a lamp in lumens.
(y) Luminaire means a complete lighting unit consisting of a fluorescent lamp or lamps, together with parts designed to distribute the light, to position and protect such lamps, and to connect such lamps to the power supply through the ballast.
(z) Manufacturer means any person who manufactures, produces, assembles, or imports a consumer appliance product. Assembly operations which are solely decorative are not included.
(aa) New covered product means a covered product the title of which has not passed to a purchaser who buys the product for purposes other than resale or leasing for a period in excess of one year.
(bb) Private labeler means an owner of a brand or trademark on the label of a consumer appliance product which bears a private label.
(cc) Range of comparability means a group of models within a class of covered products, each model of which satisfies approximately the same consumer needs.
(dd) Range of energy efficiency ratings means the range of energy efficiency ratings for all models within a designated range of comparability.
(ee) Range of estimated annual energy cost means the range of estimated annual energy cost per year of all models within a designated range of comparability.
(ff) Retailer means a person to whom a consumer appliance product is delivered or sold, if such delivery or sale is for purposes of sale or distribution in commerce to purchasers who buy such product for purposes other than resale. The term retailer includes purchasers of appliances who install such appliances in newly constructed or newly rehabilitated housing, or mobile homes, with the intent to sell the covered appliances as part of the sale of such housing or mobile homes.
(gg) Water use means the quantity of water flowing through a showerhead, faucet, water closet, or urinal at point of use, determined in accordance with test procedures under section 323 of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 6293.
(hh) Wattage for lamps means the total electrical power consumed by a lamp in watts, after an initial seasoning period and including, for fluorescent lamps, arc watts plus cathode watts.