(a) Section 403
provides that no labor organization shall be required by law to conduct elections of officers with greater frequency or in a different form or manner than is required by its own constitution or bylaws, except as otherwise provided by the election provisions of the Act.
59 Act, sec. 403.
(b) The remedy
provided in the Act for challenging an election already conducted is exclusive.
However, existing rights and remedies to enforce the constitutions and bylaws of such organizations before an election has been held are unaffected by the election provisions. Section 603
which applies to the entire Act, states that except where explicitly provided to the contrary, nothing in the Act shall take away any right or bar any remedy of any union member under other Federal law or law of any State.
60 Act, sec. 402.
61 Act, sec. 403. See Daily Cong. Rec. 86th Cong., 1st sess., p. 9115, June 8, 1959, pp. 13017 and 13090, July 27, 1959. H. Rept. No. 741, p. 17; S. Rept. No. 187, pp. 21–22, 101, 104. Hearings, House Comm. on Education and Labor, 86th Cong., 1st sess., pt. 1, p. 1611. See also Furniture Store Drivers Local 82 v. Crowley, 104 S.Ct. 2557 (1984).
62 Act, sec. 603.
[38 FR 18324, July 9, 1973, as amended at 50 FR 31311, Aug. 1, 1985]