United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 10, 2023

§ 932.
Art. 132. Retaliation
In General.—
wrongfully takes or threatens to take an adverse personnel action against any person; or
wrongfully withholds or threatens to withhold a favorable personnel action with respect to any person;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
In this section:
The term “protected communication” means the following:
A lawful communication to a Member of Congress or an Inspector General.
A communication to a covered individual or organization in which a member of the armed forces complains of, or discloses information that the member reasonably believes constitutes evidence of, any of the following:
A violation of law or regulation, including a law or regulation prohibiting sexual harassment or unlawful discrimination.
Gross mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety.
The term “Inspector General” has the meaning given that term in section 1034(j) of this title.
The term “covered individual or organization” means any recipient of a communication specified in clauses (i) through (v) of section 1034(b)(1)(B) of this title.
The term “unlawful discrimination” means discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
(Added Pub. L. 114–328, div. E, title LX, § 5450, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2957; amended Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, § 1081(c)(1)(Q), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1599.)
cite as: 10 USC 932