Editorial Notes

2023—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 117–347 inserted “or attempts or conspires to benefit,” after “whoever knowingly benefits,”.

2018—Subsecs. (b)(1), (c). Pub. L. 115–164, § 6(b), substituted “subsection (a)” for “this section”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–164, § 6(a), added subsec. (d).

2015—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–22 substituted “not later than the later of—” for “not later than 10 years after the cause of action arose.” and added pars. (1) and (2).

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–457, § 221(2)(A), struck out “of section 1589, 1590, or 1591” after “victim of a violation” and inserted “(or whoever knowingly benefits, financially or by receiving anything of value from participation in a venture which that person knew or should have known has engaged in an act in violation of this chapter)” after “perpetrator”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–457, § 221(2)(B), added subsec. (c).