United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 14, 2024

§ 1419.
Preschool grants
(a)
In general
The Secretary shall provide grants under this section to assist States to provide special education and related services, in accordance with this subchapter—
(1)
to children with disabilities aged 3 through 5, inclusive; and
(2)
at the State’s discretion, to 2-year-old children with disabilities who will turn 3 during the school year.
(b)
Eligibility
A State shall be eligible for a grant under this section if such State—
(1)
is eligible under section 1412 of this title to receive a grant under this subchapter; and
(2)
makes a free appropriate public education available to all children with disabilities, aged 3 through 5, residing in the State.
(c)
Allocations to States
(1)
In general

The Secretary shall allocate the amount made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year among the States in accordance with paragraph (2) or (3), as the case may be.

(2)
Increase in funds
If the amount available for allocations to States under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year is equal to or greater than the amount allocated to the States under this section for the preceding fiscal year, those allocations shall be calculated as follows:
(A)
Allocation
(i)
In general
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall—
(I)
allocate to each State the amount the State received under this section for fiscal year 1997;
(II)
allocate 85 percent of any remaining funds to States on the basis of the States’ relative populations of children aged 3 through 5; and
(III)
allocate 15 percent of those remaining funds to States on the basis of the States’ relative populations of all children aged 3 through 5 who are living in poverty.
(ii)
Data

For the purpose of making grants under this paragraph, the Secretary shall use the most recent population data, including data on children living in poverty, that are available and satisfactory to the Secretary.

(B)
Limitations
Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), allocations under this paragraph shall be subject to the following:
(i)
Preceding years

No State’s allocation shall be less than its allocation under this section for the preceding fiscal year.

(ii)
Minimum
No State’s allocation shall be less than the greatest of—
(I)
the sum of—
(aa)
the amount the State received under this section for fiscal year 1997; and
(bb)
⅓ of 1 percent of the amount by which the amount appropriated under subsection (j) for the fiscal year exceeds the amount appropriated for this section for fiscal year 1997;
(II)
the sum of—
(aa)
the amount the State received under this section for the preceding fiscal year; and
(bb)
that amount multiplied by the percentage by which the increase in the funds appropriated under this section from the preceding fiscal year exceeds 1.5 percent; or
(III)
the sum of—
(aa)
the amount the State received under this section for the preceding fiscal year; and
(bb)
that amount multiplied by 90 percent of the percentage increase in the amount appropriated under this section from the preceding fiscal year.
(iii)
Maximum
Notwithstanding clause (ii), no State’s allocation under this paragraph shall exceed the sum of—
(I)
the amount the State received under this section for the preceding fiscal year; and
(II)
that amount multiplied by the sum of 1.5 percent and the percentage increase in the amount appropriated under this section from the preceding fiscal year.
(C)
Ratable reductions

If the amount available for allocations under this paragraph is insufficient to pay those allocations in full, those allocations shall be ratably reduced, subject to subparagraph (B)(i).

(3)
Decrease in funds
If the amount available for allocations to States under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year is less than the amount allocated to the States under this section for the preceding fiscal year, those allocations shall be calculated as follows:
(A)
Allocations
If the amount available for allocations is greater than the amount allocated to the States for fiscal year 1997, each State shall be allocated the sum of—
(i)
the amount the State received under this section for fiscal year 1997; and
(ii)
an amount that bears the same relation to any remaining funds as the increase the State received under this section for the preceding fiscal year over fiscal year 1997 bears to the total of all such increases for all States.
(B)
Ratable reductions

If the amount available for allocations is equal to or less than the amount allocated to the States for fiscal year 1997, each State shall be allocated the amount the State received for fiscal year 1997, ratably reduced, if necessary.

(d)
Reservation for State activities
(1)
In general

Each State may reserve not more than the amount described in paragraph (2) for administration and other State-level activities in accordance with subsections (e) and (f).

(2)
Amount described
For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall determine and report to the State educational agency an amount that is 25 percent of the amount the State received under this section for fiscal year 1997, cumulatively adjusted by the Secretary for each succeeding fiscal year by the lesser of—
(A)
the percentage increase, if any, from the preceding fiscal year in the State’s allocation under this section; or
(B)
the percentage increase, if any, from the preceding fiscal year in the Consumer Price Index For All Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor.
(e)
State administration
(1)
In general

For the purpose of administering this section (including the coordination of activities under this subchapter with, and providing technical assistance to, other programs that provide services to children with disabilities) a State may use not more than 20 percent of the maximum amount the State may reserve under subsection (d) for any fiscal year.

(2)
Administration of subchapter III

Funds described in paragraph (1) may also be used for the administration of subchapter III.

(f)
Other State-level activities
Each State shall use any funds the State reserves under subsection (d) and does not use for administration under subsection (e)—
(1)
for support services (including establishing and implementing the mediation process required by section 1415(e) of this title), which may benefit children with disabilities younger than 3 or older than 5 as long as those services also benefit children with disabilities aged 3 through 5;
(2)
for direct services for children eligible for services under this section;
(3)
for activities at the State and local levels to meet the performance goals established by the State under section 1412(a)(15) of this title;
(4)
to supplement other funds used to develop and implement a statewide coordinated services system designed to improve results for children and families, including children with disabilities and their families, but not more than 1 percent of the amount received by the State under this section for a fiscal year;
(5)
to provide early intervention services (which shall include an educational component that promotes school readiness and incorporates preliteracy, language, and numeracy skills) in accordance with subchapter III to children with disabilities who are eligible for services under this section and who previously received services under subchapter III until such children enter, or are eligible under State law to enter, kindergarten; or
(6)
at the State’s discretion, to continue service coordination or case management for families who receive services under subchapter III.
(g)
Subgrants to local educational agencies
(1)
Subgrants required
Each State that receives a grant under this section for any fiscal year shall distribute all of the grant funds that the State does not reserve under subsection (d) to local educational agencies in the State that have established their eligibility under section 1413 of this title, as follows:
(A)
Base payments

The State shall first award each local educational agency described in paragraph (1) the amount that agency would have received under this section for fiscal year 1997 if the State had distributed 75 percent of its grant for that year under section 1419(c)(3) of this title, as such section was then in effect.

(B)
Allocation of remaining funds
After making allocations under subparagraph (A), the State shall—
(i)
allocate 85 percent of any remaining funds to those local educational agencies on the basis of the relative numbers of children enrolled in public and private elementary schools and secondary schools within the local educational agency’s jurisdiction; and
(ii)
(2)
Reallocation of funds

If a State educational agency determines that a local educational agency is adequately providing a free appropriate public education to all children with disabilities aged 3 through 5 residing in the area served by the local educational agency with State and local funds, the State educational agency may reallocate any portion of the funds under this section that are not needed by that local educational agency to provide a free appropriate public education to other local educational agencies in the State that are not adequately providing special education and related services to all children with disabilities aged 3 through 5 residing in the areas the other local educational agencies serve.

(h)
Subchapter III inapplicable

Subchapter III does not apply to any child with a disability receiving a free appropriate public education, in accordance with this subchapter, with funds received under this section.

(i)
State defined

In this section, the term “State” means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(j)
Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary.

(Pub. L. 91–230, title VI, § 619, as added Pub. L. 108–446, title I, § 101, Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2740.)
cite as: 20 USC 1419