So in original. Probably should be “Presidential”.
action under paragraphs (9) through (15) of
 See References in Text note below.
Editorial Notes
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 105–292, Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2787, known as the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 6401 of this title and Tables.

Section 3021(i) of title 50, referred to in par. (14), was redesignated section 3021(k) by Pub. L. 110–53, title XVIII, § 1841(g)(1), Aug. 3, 2007, 121 Stat. 500.


2016—Pars. (10) to (14). Pub. L. 114–281, § 3(2), (3), added pars. (10) and (11) and redesignated former pars. (10) to (12) as (12) to (14), respectively. Former par. (13) redesignated (16).

Par. (15). Pub. L. 114–281, § 3(4), added par. (15).

Par. (16). Pub. L. 114–281, § 3(1), redesignated par. (13) as (16).

Par. (16)(A)(iv) to (vi). Pub. L. 114–281, § 3(5)(A), added cl. (iv) and redesignated former cls. (iv) and (v) as (v) and (vi), respectively.

Par. (16)(B). Pub. L. 114–281, § 3(5)(B), inserted “conscience, non-theistic views, or” after “an individual’s” and “forcibly compelling non-believers or non-theists to recant their beliefs or to convert,” after “forced religious conversion,”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Change of Name

Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007.

Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.