United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Sep 24, 2023

§ 9507.
Hazardous Substance Superfund
Creation of Trust Fund
There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the “Hazardous Substance Superfund” (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Superfund”), consisting of such amounts as may be—
appropriated to the Superfund as provided in this section,
appropriated to the Superfund pursuant to section 517(b) of the Superfund Revenue Act of 1986, or
credited to the Superfund as provided in section 9602(b).
Transfers to Superfund
There are hereby appropriated to the Superfund amounts equivalent to—
the taxes received in the Treasury under section 4611, 4661, or 4671 (relating to environmental taxes),
amounts recovered on behalf of the Superfund under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (hereinafter in this section referred to as “CERCLA”),
all moneys recovered or collected under section 311(b)(6)(B) of the Clean Water Act,1
 See References in Text note below.
penalties assessed under title I of CERCLA, and
punitive damages under section 107(c)(3) of CERCLA.
In the case of the tax imposed by section 4611, paragraph (1) shall apply only to so much of such tax as is attributable to the Hazardous Substance Superfund financing rate under section 4611(c).
Expenditures from Superfund
In general
Amounts in the Superfund shall be available, as provided in appropriation Acts, only for purposes of making expenditures—
to carry out the purposes of—
paragraphs (1), (2), (5), and (6) of section 111(a) of CERCLA as in effect on the date of the enactment of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986,
section 111(c) of CERCLA (as so in effect), other than paragraphs (1) and (2) thereof, and
section 111(m) of CERCLA (as so in effect), or
hereafter authorized by a law which does not authorize the expenditure out of the Superfund for a general purpose not covered by subparagraph (A) (as so in effect).
Exception for certain transfers, etc., of hazardous substances
No amount in the Superfund or derived from the Superfund shall be available or used for the transfer or disposal of hazardous waste carried out pursuant to a cooperative agreement between the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and a State if the following conditions apply—
the transfer or disposal, if made on December 13, 1985, would not comply with a State or local requirement,
the transfer is to a facility for which a final permit under section 3005(a) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act was issued after January 1, 1983, and before November 1, 1984, and
the transfer is from a facility identified as the McColl Site in Fullerton, California.
Authority to borrow
In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Superfund, as repayable advances, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the Superfund.

Limitation on aggregate advances

The maximum aggregate amount of repayable advances to the Superfund which is outstanding at any one time shall not exceed an amount equal to the amount which the Secretary estimates will be equal to the sum of the amounts appropriated to the Superfund under subsection (b)(1) during the following 24 months.

Repayment of advances
In general

Advances made to the Superfund shall be repaid, and interest on such advances shall be paid, to the general fund of the Treasury when the Secretary determines that moneys are available for such purposes in the Superfund.

Final repayment

No advance shall be made to the Superfund after December 31, 2032, and all advances to such Fund shall be repaid on or before such date.

Rate of interest

Interest on advances made to the Superfund shall be at a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury (as of the close of the calendar month preceding the month in which the advance is made) to be equal to the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States with remaining periods to maturity comparable to the anticipated period during which the advance will be outstanding and shall be compounded annually.

Liability of United States limited to amount in Trust Fund
General rule

Any claim filed against the Superfund may be paid only out of the Superfund.

Coordination with other provisions

Nothing in CERCLA or the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (or in any amendment made by either of such Acts) shall authorize the payment by the United States Government of any amount with respect to any such claim out of any source other than the Superfund.

Order in which unpaid claims are to be paid

If at any time the Superfund has insufficient funds to pay all of the claims payable out of the Superfund at such time, such claims shall, to the extent permitted under paragraph (1), be paid in full in the order in which they were finally determined.

(Added Pub. L. 99–499, title V, § 517(a), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1772; amended Pub. L. 99–509, title VIII, § 8032(c)(4), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1959; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11231(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–445; Pub. L. 113–295, div. A, title II, § 221(a)(12)(L), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4039; Pub. L. 117–169, title I, § 13601(b), Aug. 16, 2022, 136 Stat. 1982.)
cite as: 26 USC 9507