For termination of amendment by section 501(c) of Pub. L. 100–449, see Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment note below.
Based on title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., § 400 (Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, § 274d, as added June 14, 1934, ch. 512, 48 Stat. 955; Aug. 30, 1935, ch. 829, § 405, 49 Stat. 1027).
This section is based on the first paragraph of section 400 of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed. Other provisions of such section are incorporated in section 2202 of this title.
While this section does not exclude declaratory judgments with respect to State taxes, such suits will not ordinarily be entertained in the courts of the United States where State law makes provision for payment under protest and recovery back or otherwise affords adequate remedy in the State courts. See Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Co. v. Huffman, La. 1943, 63 S.Ct. 1070, 319 U.S. 293, 87 L.Ed. 1407. See also Spector Motor Service v. McLaughlin, Conn. 1944, 65 S.Ct. 152, 323 U.S. 101, 89 L.Ed. 101. See also section 1341 of this title forbidding district courts to restrain enforcements of State taxes where State courts afford plain, speedy, and efficient remedy.
Changes were made in phraseology.
Section corrects a typographical error in section 2201 of title 28, U.S.C.
Section 7428 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to section 7428 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.
Section 516A(f)(9) of the Tariff Act of 1930, referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to section 1516a(f)(9) of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Sections 505 and 512 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, referred to in subsec. (b), are classified to sections 355 and 360b, respectively, of Title 21, Food and Drugs.
Section 351 of the Public Health Service Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is classified to section 262 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
2020—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–113 substituted “section 516A(f)(9)” for “section 516A(f)(10)”.
2010—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–148 inserted “, or section 351 of the Public Health Service Act” before period.
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–182 substituted “merchandise of a free trade area country (as defined in section 516A(f)(10) of the Tariff Act of 1930),” for “Canadian merchandise,”.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–449 temporarily substituted “1986,” for “1954 or” and inserted “or in any civil action involving an antidumping or countervailing duty proceeding regarding a class or kind of Canadian merchandise, as determined by the administering authority,” after “title 11,”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–670 inserted “or 512” after “505”.
1984—Pub. L. 98–417 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).
1978—Pub. L. 95–598 inserted reference to proceedings under section 505 or 1146 of title 11.
1976—Pub. L. 94–455 substituted “taxes other than actions brought under section 7428 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954” for “taxes”.
1958—Pub. L. 85–508 struck out provisions which related to District Court for Territory of Alaska. See section 81A of this title which establishes a United States District Court for the State of Alaska.
Amendment by Pub. L. 116–113 effective on the date on which the USMCA enters into force (
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–182 effective on the date the North American Free Trade Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States [
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–449 effective on date United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement enters into force (
Amendment by Pub. L. 95–598 effective
Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 applicable with respect to pleadings filed with the United States Tax Court, the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia, or the United States Court of Claims more than 6 months after
Amendment by Pub. L. 85–508 effective
For provisions relating to effect of termination of USMCA country status on sections 401 to 432 of Pub. L. 116–113, see section 4601 of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Jurisdictional amount in diversity of citizenship cases, see section 1332 of this title.