United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 23, 2024

§ 1305.
Pension benefit guaranty funds
(a)
Establishment of four revolving funds on books of Treasury of the United States

There are established on the books of the Treasury of the United States four revolving funds to be used by the corporation in carrying out its duties under this subchapter. One of the funds shall be used with respect to basic benefits guaranteed under section 1322 of this title, one of the funds shall be used with respect to basic benefits guaranteed under section 1322a of this title, one of the funds shall be used with respect to nonbasic benefits guaranteed under section 1322 of this title (if any), and the remaining fund shall be used with respect to nonbasic benefits guaranteed under section 1322a of this title (if any), other than subsection (g)(2) thereof (if any). Whenever in this subchapter reference is made to the term “fund” the reference shall be considered to refer to the appropriate fund established under this subsection.

(b)
Credits to funds; availability of funds; investment of moneys in excess of current needs
(1)
Each fund established under this section shall be credited with the appropriate portion of—
(A)
premiums, penalties, interest, and charges collected under this subchapter,
(B)
the value of the assets of a plan administered under section 1342 of this title by a trustee to the extent that they exceed the liabilities of such plan,
(C)
the amount of any employer liability payments under subtitle D, to the extent that such payments exceed liabilities of the plan (taking into account all other plan assets),
(D)
earnings on investments of the fund or on assets credited to the fund under this subsection,
(E)
attorney’s fees awarded to the corporation, and
(F)
receipts from any other operations under this subchapter.
(2)
Subject to the provisions of subsection (a), each fund shall be available—
(A)
for making such payments as the corporation determines are necessary to pay benefits guaranteed under section 1322 or 1322a of this title or benefits payable under section 1350 of this title,
(B)
to purchase assets from a plan being terminated by the corporation when the corporation determines such purchase will best protect the interests of the corporation, participants in the plan being terminated, and other insured plans,
(C)
to pay the operational and administrative expenses of the corporation, including reimbursement of the expenses incurred by the Department of the Treasury in maintaining the funds, and the Comptroller General in auditing the corporation, and
(D)
to pay to participants and beneficiaries the estimated amount of benefits which are guaranteed by the corporation under this subchapter and the estimated amount of other benefits to which plan assets are allocated under section 1344 of this title, under single-employer plans which are unable to pay benefits when due or which are abandoned.
(3)
(A)
Whenever the corporation determines that the moneys of any fund are in excess of current needs, it may request the investment of such amounts as it determines advisable by the Secretary of the Treasury in obligations issued or guaranteed by the United States.
(B)
Notwithstanding subparagraph (A)—
(i)
the amounts of premiums received under section 1306 of this title with respect to the fund to be used for basic benefits under section 1322a of this title in a fiscal year in the period beginning with fiscal year 2016 and ending with fiscal year 2020 shall be placed in a noninterest-bearing account within such fund in the following amounts:
(I)
for fiscal year 2016, $108,000,000;
(II)
for fiscal year 2017, $111,000,000;
(III)
for fiscal year 2018, $113,000,000;
(IV)
for fiscal year 2019, $149,000,000; and
(V)
for fiscal year 2020, $296,000,000;
(ii)
premiums received in fiscal years specified in subclauses (I) through (V) of clause (i) shall be allocated in order first to the noninterest-bearing account in the amount specified and second to any other accounts within such fund; and
(iii)
financial assistance, as provided under section 1431 of this title, shall be withdrawn proportionately from the noninterest-bearing and other accounts within the fund.
(c)
Repealed. Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title II, § 40234(a), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 858
(d)
Establishment of fifth fund; purpose, availability, etc.
(1)
A fifth fund shall be established for the reimbursement of uncollectible withdrawal liability under section 1402 of this title, and shall be credited with the appropriate—
(A)
premiums, penalties, and interest charges collected under this subchapter, and
(B)
earnings on investments of the fund or on assets credited to the fund.
The fund shall be available to make payments pursuant to the supplemental program established under section 1402 of this title, including those expenses and other charges determined to be appropriate by the corporation.
(2)
The corporation may invest amounts of the fund in such obligations as the corporation considers appropriate.
(e)
Establishment of sixth fund; purpose, availability, etc.
(1)
A sixth fund shall be established for the supplemental benefit guarantee program provided under section 1322a(g)(2) of this title.
(2)
Such fund shall be credited with the appropriate—
(A)
premiums, penalties, and interest charges collected under section 1322a(g)(2) of this title, and
(B)
earnings on investments of the fund or on assets credited to the fund.
The fund shall be available for making payments pursuant to the supplemental benefit guarantee program established under section 1322a(g)(2) of this title, including those expenses and other charges determined to be appropriate by the corporation.
(3)
The corporation may invest amounts of the fund in such obligations as the corporation considers appropriate.
(f)
Deposit of premiums into separate revolving fund
(1)
A seventh fund shall be established and credited with—
(A)
premiums, penalties, and interest charges collected under section 1306(a)(3)(A)(i) of this title (not described in subparagraph (B)) to the extent attributable to the amount of the premium in excess of $8.50,
(B)
premiums, penalties, and interest charges collected under section 1306(a)(3)(E) of this title, and
(C)
earnings on investments of the fund or on assets credited to the fund.
(2)
Amounts in the fund shall be available for transfer to other funds established under this section with respect to a single-employer plan but shall not be available to pay—
(A)
administrative costs of the corporation, or
(B)
benefits under any plan which was terminated before October 1, 1988,
unless no other amounts are available for such payment.
(3)
The corporation may invest amounts of the fund in such obligations as the corporation considers appropriate.
(g)
Other use of funds; deposits of repayments
(1)
Amounts in any fund established under this section may be used only for the purposes for which such fund was established and may not be used to make loans to (or on behalf of) any other fund or to finance any other activity of the corporation.
(2)
Any repayment to the corporation of any amount paid out of any fund in connection with a multiemployer plan shall be deposited in such fund.
(h)
Voting by corporation of stock paid as liability

Any stock in a person liable to the corporation under this subchapter which is paid to the corporation by such person or a member of such person’s controlled group in satisfaction of such person’s liability under this subchapter may be voted only by the custodial trustees or outside money managers of the corporation.

(i)
Special financial assistance for multiemployer pension plans
(1)
An eighth fund shall be established for special financial assistance to multiemployer pension plans, as provided under section 1432 of this title, and to pay for necessary administrative and operating expenses of the corporation relating to such assistance.
(2)
There is appropriated from the general fund such amounts as are necessary for the costs of providing financial assistance under section 1432 of this title and necessary administrative and operating expenses of the corporation. The eighth fund established under this subsection shall be credited with amounts from time to time as the Secretary of the Treasury, in conjunction with the Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, determines appropriate, from the general fund of the Treasury, but in no case shall such transfers occur after September 30, 2030.
(Pub. L. 93–406, title IV, § 4005, Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 1009; Pub. L. 96–364, title IV, § 403(a), Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1300; Pub. L. 99–272, title XI, § 11016(a)(1), (2), (c)(7), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 268, 274; Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §§ 9312(c)(4), 9331(d), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–364, 1330–368; Pub. L. 103–465, title VII, § 776(b)(2), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 5048; Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title II, § 40234(a), (b)(1), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 858; Pub. L. 113–235, div. O, title I, § 131(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2797; Pub. L. 117–2, title IX, § 9704(a), Mar. 11, 2021, 135 Stat. 190.)
cite as: 29 USC 1305