Editorial Notes
References in Text

The Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), is Pub. L. 104–330, Oct. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 4016, which is classified principally to chapter 43 (§ 4101 et seq.) of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4101 of Title 25 and Tables.

The date of the enactment of the Joseph Maxwell Cleland and Robert Joseph Dole Memorial Veterans Benefits and Health Care Improvement Act of 2022, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2), (g), and (h)(2), is the date of enactment of div. U of Pub. L. 117–328, which was approved Dec. 29, 2022.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2021 was renumbered section 4301 of this title and subsequently omitted in the general amendment of chapter 43 of this title by Pub. L. 103–353, § 2(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3150.


2022—Pub. L. 117–328 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to homeless veterans reintegration programs and authorized appropriations to carry out this section.

Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 117–180 substituted “2024” for “2022”.

2021—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 116–315 substituted “section 2023(d)” for “section 2023(e)”.

2020—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 116–159 substituted “2022” for “2020”.

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–407 substituted “reintegration into the labor force of—” for “reintegration of homeless veterans into the labor force.” and added pars. (1) to (5).

Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 115–251 substituted “2020” for “2018”.

2017—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 115–62 substituted “2018” for “2017”.

2016—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 114–228 substituted “2017” for “2016”.

2015—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 114–58 substituted “2016” for “2015”.

2014—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 113–175 substituted “2015” for “2014”.

2013—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 113–37 substituted “2014” for “2013”.

2012—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 112–154 substituted “2013” for “2012”.

2011—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 112–37 substituted “2012” for “2011”.

2010—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 111–275 substituted “2011” for “2009”.

2006—Subsec. (e)(1)(F). Pub. L. 109–233 added subpar. (F).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–37 effective Oct. 1, 2013, see section 4(a) of Pub. L. 113–37, set out as a note under section 322 of this title.