References in Text
The Social Security Act, referred to in par. (9), is
[act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531], [49 Stat. 620], as amended. Title XVIII of the Act is classified generally to subchapter XVIII (§ 1395 et seq.) of chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of this title and Tables.
A prior section 296,
[act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title VIII, § 801] as added Sept. 4, 1964, [Pub. L. 88–581, § 2], [78 Stat. 908]; amended Nov. 3, 1966, [Pub. L. 89–751, § 8(a)], [80 Stat. 1236]; Aug. 16, 1968, [Pub. L. 90–490, title II, § 201(a)], [82 Stat. 780]; Nov. 18, 1971, [Pub. L. 92–158, § 2(a)], [85 Stat. 465]; July 29, 1975, [Pub. L. 94–63, title IX], §§ 902(a), 910(a)(1), [89 Stat. 354], 355; Sept. 29, 1979, [Pub. L. 96–76, title I, § 102], [93 Stat. 579], authorized appropriations for construction grants, prior to repeal by [Pub. L. 99–92], §§ 9(a)(1), 10(a), Aug. 16, 1985, [99 Stat. 400], 402, effective Oct. 1, 1985.
[Pub. L. 116–136] added par. (18).
[Pub. L. 111–148, § 5002(c)(1)], substituted “means an accredited (as defined in paragraph 6) collegiate, associate degree, or diploma school of nursing in a State where graduates are—” for “means a collegiate, associate degree, or diploma school of nursing in a State.” and added subpars. (A) and (B).
Pars. (16), (17).
[Pub. L. 111–148, § 5002(c)(2)], added pars. (16) and (17).
2002—Pars. (9) to (15).
[Pub. L. 107–205] added pars. (9) to (15).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
[Pub. L. 105–392, title I, § 124], Nov. 13, 1998, [112 Stat. 3574], provided that: “In the case of any authority for making awards of grants or contracts that is terminated by the amendment made by section 123 [enacting sections 296, 296a to 296f, 296j, 296m, 296p, 297q, and 297t of this title, transferring section 298b–2 of this title to section 296g of this title, and repealing sections 296k to 296m, 296r, 297, 297–1, 297c, 298, 298a, 298b, 298b–1, 298b–3 to 298b–5, and 298b–7 of this title], the Secretary of Health and Human Services may, notwithstanding the termination of the authority, continue in effect any grant or contract made under the authority that is in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 13, 1998], subject to the duration of any such grant or contract not exceeding the period determined by the Secretary in first approving such financial assistance, or in approving the most recent request made (before the date of such enactment) for continuation of such assistance, as the case may be.”
Reports by Government Accountability Office
[Pub. L. 107–205, title II, § 204], Aug. 1, 2002, [116 Stat. 818], provided that:
Not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 1, 2002], the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a survey to determine national variations in the nursing shortage at hospitals, nursing homes, and other health care providers, and submit a report, including recommendations, to the Congress on Federal remedies to ease nursing shortages. The Comptroller General shall submit to the Congress this report describing the findings relating to ownership status and associated remedies.
Hiring Differences Among Certain Private Entities.—
The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study to determine differences in the hiring of nurses by nonprofit private entities as compared to the hiring of nurses by private entities that are not nonprofit. In carrying out the study, the Comptroller General shall determine the effect of the inclusion of private entities that are not nonprofit in the program under section 846 of the Public Health Service Act [42 U.S.C. 297n
]. Not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 1, 2002
], the Comptroller General shall submit to the Congress a report describing the findings of the study.
The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an evaluation of whether the program carried out under section 846(d) of the Public Health Service Act [42 U.S.C. 297n
(d)] has demonstrably increased the number of applicants to schools of nursing and, not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 1, 2002
], submit a report to the Congress on the results of such evaluation.”
[Pub. L. 105–392, title I, § 122], Nov. 13, 1998, [112 Stat. 3562], provided that: “It is the purpose of this subtitle [subtitle B (§§ 121–124) of title I of [Pub. L. 105–392], see Short Title of 1998 Amendment note set out under section 201 of this title] to restructure the nurse education authorities of title VIII of the Public Health Service Act [42 U.S.C. 296 et seq.] to permit a comprehensive, flexible, and effective approach to Federal support for nursing workforce development.”
Information Respecting Supply and Distribution of and Requirements for Nurses; Determination Procedures; Surveys and Collection of Dates; Annual Report to Congress on Determinations, Etc.; Review by Office of Management and Budget of Report Prior to Submission
[Pub. L. 94–63, title IX, § 951], July 29, 1975, [89 Stat. 367], as amended by [Pub. L. 95–623, § 12(h)], Nov. 9, 1978, [92 Stat. 3457], provided that:
Using procedures developed in accordance with paragraph (3), the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall determine on a continuing basis—
the supply (both current and projected and within the United States and within each State) of registered nurses, licensed practical and vocational nurses, nurse’s aides, registered nurses with advanced training or graduate degrees, and nurse practitioners;
the distribution within the United States and within each State, of such nurses so as to determine (i) those areas of the United States which are oversupplied or undersupplied, or which have an adequate supply of such nurses in relation to the population of the area, and (ii) the demand for the services which such nurses provide; and
the current and future requirements for such nurses, nationally and within each State.
The Secretary shall survey and gather data, on a continuing basis, on—
the number and distribution of nurses, by type of employment and location of practice;
the number of nurses who are practicing full time and those who are employed part time, within the United States and within each State;
the average rates of compensation for nurses, by type of practice and location of practice;
the activity status of the total number of registered nurses within the United States and within each State;
the number of nurses with advanced training or graduate degrees in nursing, by specialty, including nurse practitioners, nurse clinicians, nurse researchers, nurse educators, and nurse supervisors and administrators; and
the number of registered nurses entering the United States annually from other nations, by country of nurse training and by immigrant status.
Within six months of the date of the enactment of this Act [July 29, 1975], the Secretary shall develop procedures for determining (on both a current and projected basis) the supply and distribution of and requirements for nurses within the United States and within each State.
Not later than October 1, 1979, and October 1 of each odd-numbered year thereafter, the Secretary shall report to the Congress—
his determinations under subsection (a)(1) and the data gathered under subsection (a)(2);
an analysis of such determination and data; and
recommendations for such legislation as the Secretary determines, based on such determinations and data, will achieve (A) an equitable distribution of nurses within the United States and within each State, and (B) adequate supplies of nurses within the United States and within each State.
The Office of Management and Budget may review the Secretary’s report under subsection (b) before its submission to the Congress, but the Office may not revise the report or delay its submission, and it may submit to the Congress its comments (and those of other departments or agencies of the Government) respecting such report.”
Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.