Editorial Notes
References in Text

The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, referred to in par. (2)(C), is Pub. L. 92–203, Dec. 18, 1971, 85 Stat. 688, which is classified generally to chapter 33 (§ 1601 et seq.) of Title 43, Public Lands. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1601 of Title 43 and Tables.

Section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, referred to in par. (2)(C), is classified to section 5304 of Title 25, Indians.


2006—Par. (3). Pub. L. 109–435 substituted “Postal Regulatory Commission” for “Postal Rate Commission”.

1994—Par. (4)(D). Pub. L. 103–337 added subpar. (D).

1990—Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 101–301 substituted “section 4” for “section 4(m)”.

1988—Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 100–472, § 203(b), amended Pub. L. 93–638, by substituting “section 4(m)” for “section 4(c)” in the provision it added as par. (2)(C) of this section. See 1975 Amendment note below.

1978—Par. (1)(A). Pub. L. 95–454, § 603(a)(1), inserted reference to the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

Pars. (3), (4). Pub. L. 95–454, § 603(a)(2), added pars. (3) and (4).

1975—Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 93–638, as amended by Pub. L. 100–472, § 203(b), added par. (2)(C).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Change of Name

“Government Publishing Office” substituted for “Government Printing Office” in par. (3) on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, set out as a note preceding section 301 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13, 1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95–454, set out as a note under section 1101 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 91–648, title IV, § 404, Jan. 5, 1971, 84 Stat. 1925, provided that: “This title [enacting this subchapter and repealing sections 1881 to 1888 of Title 7, Agriculture, section 869b of Title 20, Education, and section 246(f) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, (less applicability to commissioned officers of the Public Health Service)] shall become effective sixty days after the date of enactment of this Act [Jan. 5, 1971].”

Employee Exchange Program Between Federal Employees and Employees of State and Local Governments

Pub. L. 108–196, § 3, Dec. 19, 2003, 117 Stat. 2896, provided that:

In this section—
the term ‘employing agency’ means the Federal, State, or local government agency with which the participating employee was employed before an assignment under the Program;
the term ‘participating employee’ means an employee who is participating in the Program; and
the term ‘Program’ means the employee exchange program established under subsection (b).
The President shall establish an employee exchange program between Federal agencies that perform law enforcement functions and agencies of State and local governments that perform law enforcement functions.
Conduct of Program.—
The Program shall be conducted in accordance with subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code.
An employee of an employing agency who performs law enforcement functions may be selected to participate in the Program if the employee—
has been employed by that employing agency for a period of more than 3 years;
has had appropriate training or experience to perform the work required by the assignment;
has had an overall rating of satisfactory or higher on performance appraisals from the employing agency during the 3-year period before being assigned to another agency under this section; and
agrees to return to the employing agency after completing the assignment for a period not less than the length of the assignment.
Written Agreement.—
An employee shall enter into a written agreement regarding the terms and conditions of the assignment before beginning the assignment with another agency.”

Declaration of Purpose

Pub. L. 91–648, title IV, § 401, Jan. 5, 1971, 84 Stat. 1920, as amended by Pub. L. 95–454, title VI, § 602(b), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1189, provided that: “The purpose of this title [see Effective Date note above] is to provide for the temporary assignment of personnel between the Federal Government and State and local governments, institutions of higher education, and other organizations.”

Executive Documents
Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.