United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jul 20, 2024

§ 1726a.
Administration
(a)
Proposals
(1)
Recipient countries

A proposal to enter into a nonemergency food assistance agreement under this subchapter shall identify the recipient country or countries that are the subject of the agreement.

(2)
Timing

Not later than 120 days after the date of receipt by the Administrator of a proposal submitted by an eligible organization under this subchapter, the Administrator shall determine whether to accept the proposal.

(3)
Denial

If a proposal under paragraph (1) is denied, the response shall specify the reasons for denial.

(b)
Notice and comment
Not later than 30 days prior to the issuance of a final guideline or annual policy guidance to carry out this subchapter, the Administrator shall—
(1)
provide notice of the existence of a proposed guideline or annual policy guidance, and that such guideline or annual policy guidance is available for review and comment, to eligible organizations that participate in programs under this subchapter, and to other interested persons;
(2)
make the proposed guideline or annual policy guidance available, on request, to the eligible organizations and other persons referred to in paragraph (1); and
(3)
take any comments received into consideration prior to the issuance of the final guideline or annual policy guidance.
(c)
Regulations and guidance
(1)
In general

The Administrator shall promptly issue all necessary regulations and make revisions to agency guidelines with respect to changes in the operation or implementation of the program established under this subchapter. Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Administrator shall issue all regulations and revisions to agency guidance necessary to implement the amendments made to this subchapter by such Act.

(2)
Requirements
The Administrator shall develop regulations and guidance with the intent of—
(A)
simplifying procedures for participation in the programs established under this subchapter;
(B)
reducing paperwork requirements under such programs;
(C)
establishing reasonable and realistic accountability standards to be applied to eligible organizations participating in the programs established under this subchapter, taking into consideration the problems associated with carrying out programs in developing countries; and
(D)
providing flexibility for carrying out programs under this subchapter.
(d)
Timely provision of commodities

The Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary, shall develop procedures that ensure expedited processing of commodity call forwards in order to provide commodities overseas in a timely manner and to the extent feasible, according to planned delivery schedules.

(e)
Timely approval

The Administrator is encouraged to finalize program agreements and resource requests for programs under this section before the beginning of each fiscal year.

(f)
Program oversight, monitoring, and evaluation
(1)
Duties of Administrator
The Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary, shall establish systems and carry out activities—
(A)
to determine the need for assistance provided under this subchapter; and
(B)
to improve, monitor, and evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the assistance provided under this subchapter to maximize the impact of the assistance.
(2)
Requirements of systems and activities
The systems and activities described in paragraph (1) shall include—
(A)
program monitors in countries that receive assistance under this subchapter;
(B)
country and regional food aid impact evaluations;
(C)
the identification and implementation of best practices for food aid programs;
(D)
the evaluation of monetization programs;
(E)
early warning assessments and systems to help prevent famines; and
(F)
maintenance of information technology systems.
(3)
Contract authority
(A)
In general

Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), in carrying out administrative and management activities relating to each activity carried out by the Administrator under paragraph (1), the Administrator may enter into contracts with 1 or more individuals for personal service to be performed in recipient countries or neighboring countries.

(B)
Prohibition

An individual who enters into a contract with the Administrator under subparagraph (A) shall not be considered to be an employee of the Federal Government for the purpose of any law (including regulations) administered by the Office of Personnel Management.

(C)
Personal service

Subparagraph (A) does not limit the ability of the Administrator to enter into a contract with any individual for personal service under section 1722(a) of this title.

(4)
Funding
(A)
In general

Subject to section 1722(h)(3) of this title, in addition to other funds made available to the Administrator to carry out the monitoring of emergency food assistance, the Administrator may implement this subsection using up to 1.5 percent, but not less than $17,000,000, of the funds made available under this subchapter for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023, except for paragraph (2)(F), for which not more than $500,000 shall be made available for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2023.

(B)
Limitations
(i)
In general

Subject to clause (ii), of the funds made available under subparagraph (A), for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2023, not more than $8,000,000 may be used by the Administrator to carry out paragraph (2)(E).

(ii)
Condition

No funds shall be made available under subparagraph (A), in accordance with clause (i), unless not less than $8,000,000 is made available under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) for such purposes for such fiscal year.

(g)
Project reporting
(1)
In general

In submitting project reports to the Administrator, a private voluntary organization or cooperative shall provide a copy of the report in such form as is necessary for the report to be displayed for public use on the website of the United States Agency for International Development.

(2)
Confidential information

An organization or cooperative described in paragraph (1) may omit any confidential information from the copy of the report submitted for public display under that paragraph.

(July 10, 1954, ch. 469, title II, § 207, as added Pub. L. 99–198, title XI, § 1104(a), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1466; amended Pub. L. 100–202, § 14, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–449; Pub. L. 101–624, title XV, § 1512, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3640; Pub. L. 104–127, title II, § 207(b), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 954; Pub. L. 107–171, title III, § 3007, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 110–246, title III, §§ 3012, 3018(b), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1824, 1828; Pub. L. 113–79, title III, § 3006(a), (b), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 774, 775;
cite as: 7 USC 1726a