United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: May 30, 2023
This section may be cited as the “Food for Progress Act of 1985”.
The term “cooperative” has the meaning given the term in section 402 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1732).
The term “Corporation” means the Commodity Credit Corporation.
The term “developing country” has the meaning given the term in section 402 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1732).
The term “eligible commodity” means an agricultural commodity, or a product of an agricultural commodity, in inventories of the Corporation or acquired by the Secretary or the Corporation for disposition through commercial purchases under a program authorized under this section.
The term “food security” means access by all people at all times to sufficient food and nutrition for a healthy and productive life.
The term “nongovernmental organization” has the meaning given the term in section 402 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1732).
The term “private voluntary organization” has the meaning given the term in section 402 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1732).
The term “program” means a food assistance or development initiative proposed by an eligible entity and approved by the Secretary under this section.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture.
In order to use the food resources of the United States more effectively in support of developing countries, and countries that are emerging democracies that have made commitments to introduce or expand free enterprise elements in their agricultural economies through changes in commodity pricing, marketing, input availability, distribution, and private sector involvement, the Secretary shall enter into agreements with eligible entities to furnish to the countries eligible commodities made available under subsections (e) and (f).
Subject to subsection (f)(3), not less than 400,000 metric tons of eligible commodities shall be provided under this section for the program for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2023.
An agreement entered into under this section shall prohibit the resale or transshipment of the eligible commodities provided under the agreement to other countries.
In entering into agreements under this section, the Secretary shall take reasonable steps to avoid displacement of any sales of United States commodities that would otherwise be made to such countries.
In carrying out this section, the Secretary, on request and subject to the availability of eligible commodities, is encouraged to approve agreements that provide for eligible commodities to be made available for distribution or sale by the recipient on a multicountry or multiyear basis if the agreements otherwise meet the requirements of this section.
This section shall be effective during the period beginning
Not later than 270 days after
Not later than 1 year after
Each eligible entity that enters into an agreement under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at such time as the Secretary may request, a report containing such information as the Secretary may request relating to the use of eligible commodities and funds furnished to the eligible entity under this section.
For each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, subject to the availability of appropriations pursuant to the authorization in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall enter into 1 or more pilot agreements with 1 or more eligible entities through which the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to the eligible entities to carry out activities consistent with subsection (l)(4)(A).
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out pilot agreements pursuant to this subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.