United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: May 24, 2024

§ 1999.
Interest rate reduction program
Establishment of program

The Secretary shall establish and carry out in accordance with this section an interest rate reduction program for loans guaranteed under this chapter.

Contracts with lenders
Under such program, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with, and make payments to, a legally organized institution to reduce during the term of such contract the interest rate paid by a borrower on a guaranteed loan made by such institution if—
the borrower—
is unable to obtain sufficient credit elsewhere to finance the actual needs of the borrower at reasonable rates and terms, taking into consideration private and cooperative rates and terms for a loan for a similar purpose and period of time in the community in or near which the borrower resides;
is otherwise unable to make payments on such loan in a timely manner; and
has a total estimated cash income during the 24-month period beginning on the date such contract is entered into (including all farm and nonfarm income) that will equal or exceed the total estimated cash expenses to be incurred by the borrower during such period (including all farm and nonfarm expenses); and
the lender reduces during the term of such contract the annual rate of interest payable on such loan by a minimum percentage specified in such contract.
Payments to lenders

In return for a contract entered into by a lender under subsection (b) for the reduction of the interest rate paid on a loan, the Secretary shall make payments to the lender in an amount equal to not more than 100 percent of the cost of reducing the annual rate of interest payable on such loan, except that such payments may not exceed the cost of reducing such rate by more than 4 percent.

Duration of contracts

The term of a contract entered into under this section to reduce the interest rate on a guaranteed loan may not exceed the outstanding term of such loan.

Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund use limitation
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund established under section 1929 of this title may be used by the Secretary to carry out this section.
Maximum amount of funds.—
In general.—
The total amount of funds used by the Secretary to carry out this section for a fiscal year shall not exceed $750,000,000.
Beginning and veteran farmers and ranchers.—
In general.—
The Secretary shall reserve not less than 15 percent of the funds used by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) to make payments for guaranteed loans made to beginning farmers and ranchers or veteran farmers and ranchers (as defined in section 2279(a) of this title).
Duration of reservation of funds.—
Funds reserved for farmers or ranchers under clause (i) for a fiscal year shall be reserved only until March 1 of the fiscal year.
List of lender participants in guaranteed loan program

The Secretary shall make available to farmers, on request, a list of lenders in the area that participate in guaranteed farm loan programs and other lenders in the area that express a desire to participate in such programs and that request inclusion in the list.

Foreclosure action provision in farm loan guarantees

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, each contract of guarantee on a farm loan entered into under this chapter after January 6, 1988, shall contain a condition that the lender of the guaranteed loan may not initiate foreclosure action on the loan until 60 days after a determination is made with respect to the eligibility of the borrower thereof to participate in the program under this section.

(Pub. L. 87–128, title III, § 351, as added Pub. L. 99–198, title XIII, § 1320, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1532; amended Pub. L. 100–233, title VI, § 613(b), (c), Jan. 6, 1988, 101 Stat. 1674; Pub. L. 101–508, title I, § 1202(b)(1), (c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–10, 1388–11; Pub. L. 104–105, title II, § 220, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 184; Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 643(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1102; Pub. L. 107–171, title V, § 5313, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 347; Pub. L. 115–334, title XII, § 12306(d), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4970.)
cite as: 7 USC 1999