Editorial Notes

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Section was enacted as part of the Rural Economic Development Act of 1990, and also as part of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, and not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.


2018—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–334 substituted “2023” for “2018”.

2014—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79 substituted “2018” for “2012”.

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7511(c)(9), substituted “National Institute of Food and Agriculture” for “Extension Service”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7212, substituted “2012” for “2007”.

2002—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted “2007” for “2002”.

1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–185 substituted “2002” for “1997”.

1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–127 substituted “1997” for “1995”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

Amendment by section 7511(c)(9) of Pub. L. 110–246 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 7511(c) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1522 of this title.