Editorial Notes
References in Text

For definition of “this chapter”, referred to in subsec. (a), see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

Codification

The authorities provided by each provision of, and each amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, as in effect on Sept. 30, 2012, to continue, and the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out the authorities, until the later of Sept. 30, 2013, or the date specified in the provision of, or amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 8701 of this title.

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–334, § 7129(1), substituted “2023” for “2018” and “crops (including canola),” for “crops,”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–334, § 7129(2), inserted “for agronomic rotational purposes and as a habitat for honey bees and other pollinators” after “alternative crops” and substituted “commodities.” for “commodities whose livelihood is threatened by the decline in demand experienced with respect to certain of their crops due to changes in consumption patterns or other related causes.”

Subsec. (c)(3)(E). Pub. L. 115–334, § 7129(3), inserted “(including hemp (as defined in section 1639o of this title))” after “material”.

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 115–334, § 7129(4), added par. (3).

2014—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–79, § 7122(a)(1), substituted “2018” for “2012”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 113–79, § 7122(b), substituted “make competitive grants” for “use such research funding, special or competitive grants, or other means, as the Secretary determines,”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–79, § 7122(a)(2), added subsec. (e).

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7136, substituted “2012” for “2007”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–246, § 7511(c)(13), substituted “the National Institute of Food and Agriculture” for “the Cooperative State Research Service, the Extension Service”.

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–171 substituted “2007” for “2002”.

1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–185, § 301(a)(14), substituted “2002” for “1997”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105–185, § 606(a), made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(b)(5). See 1996 Amendment note below.

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(a), (b)(1), substituted “1997” for “1995” and struck out “and pilot” after “research”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(b)(2), struck out “at pilot sites in areas adversely affected by declining demand for crops grown in the area” after “alternative crops”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(b)(3), struck out “from pilot sites” after “research”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(b)(4), struck out “near such pilot sites” after “facilities” and “pilot” after “successful”.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(b)(5), as amended by Pub. L. 105–185, § 606(a), struck out “pilot” before “program” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(3)(E), (F). Pub. L. 104–127, § 819(c), added subpars. (E) and (F).

1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–624 substituted “1995” for “1990”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.

Amendment by section 7511(c)(13) of Pub. L. 110–246 effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 7511(c) of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1522 of this title.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–185, title VI, § 606(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 603, provided that the amendment made by section 606(a) is effective Apr. 6, 1996.