United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Oct 01, 2023

§ 5921.
Biotechnology risk assessment research
It is the purpose of this section—
to authorize and support environmental assessment research to help identify and analyze environmental effects of biotechnology; and
to authorize research to help regulators develop long-term policies concerning the introduction of such technology.
Grant program

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a grant program within the National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service to provide the necessary funding for environmental assessment research concerning the introduction of genetically engineered animals, plants, and microorganisms into the environment.

Research priorities
The following types of research shall be given priority for funding:
Research designed to identify and develop appropriate management practices to minimize physical and biological risks associated with genetically engineered animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Research designed to develop methods to monitor the dispersal of genetically engineered animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Research designed to further existing knowledge with respect to the characteristics, rates, and methods of gene transfer that may occur between genetically engineered animals, plants, and microorganisms and related wild and agricultural organisms.
Environmental assessment research designed to provide analysis which compares the relative impacts of animals, plants, and microorganisms modified through genetic engineering to other types of production systems.
Other areas of research designed to further the purposes of this section.
Eligibility requirements
Grants under this section shall be—
made on the basis of the quality of the proposed research project; and
available to any public or private research or educational institution or organization.

In considering specific areas of research for funding under this section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall consult with the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board.

Program coordination

The Secretary of Agriculture shall coordinate research funded under this section with the Office of Research and Development of the Environmental Protection Agency in order to avoid duplication of research activities.

Authorization of appropriations
In general

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as necessary to carry out this section.

Withholdings from biotechnology outlays

The Secretary of Agriculture shall withhold from outlays of the Department of Agriculture for research on biotechnology, as defined and determined by the Secretary, at least 2 percent of such amount for the purpose of making grants under this section for research on biotechnology risk assessment.

Application of funds

Funds made available under this subsection shall be applied, to the maximum extent practicable, to risk assessment research on all categories identified in subsection (c).

(Pub. L. 101–624, title XVI, § 1668, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3767; Pub. L. 102–237, title IV, § 407(9), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 107–171, title VII, § 7210, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 446; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, § 7511(c)(21), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1269; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title VII, § 7511(c)(21), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2031.)
cite as: 7 USC 5921