United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Mar 30, 2023

§ 6991.
For purposes of this subchapter:
Adverse decision

The term “adverse decision” means an administrative decision made by an officer, employee, or committee of an agency that is adverse to a participant. The term includes a denial of equitable relief by an agency or the failure of an agency to issue a decision or otherwise act on the request or right of the participant. The term does not include a decision over which the Board of Contract Appeals has jurisdiction.

The term “agency” means any agency of the Department designated by the Secretary or a successor agency of the Department, except that the term shall include the following (and any successor to the following):
The Farm Service Agency (or other office, agency, or administrative unit of the Department assigned the functions authorized for the Farm Service Agency under section 6932 of this title).
The Commodity Credit Corporation, with respect to domestic programs.
The Farmers Home Administration.
The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation.
The Rural Development Administration.
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (or other office, agency, or administrative unit of the Department assigned the functions authorized for the Natural Resources Conservation Service under section 6936(b) of this title).
A State, county, or area committee established under section 590h(b)(5) of title 16.

The term “appellant” means a participant who appeals an adverse decision in accordance with this subchapter.

Case record

The term “case record” means all the materials maintained by the Secretary related to an adverse decision.


The term “Director” means the Director of the Division.


The term “Division” means the National Appeals Division established by this chapter.

Hearing officer

The term “hearing officer” means an individual employed by the Division who hears and determines appeals of adverse decisions by any agency.


The term “implement” refers to those actions necessary to effectuate fully and promptly a final determination of the Division not later than 30 calendar days after the effective date of the final determination.


The term “participant” shall have the meaning given that term by the Secretary by regulation.

(Pub. L. 103–354, title II, § 271, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3228; Pub. L. 115–334, title XII, §§ 12404(b)(2), 12410(c)(2)(B), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4975, 4978.)
cite as: 7 USC 6991