United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jul 20, 2024

§ 7624.
Biobased products
“Biobased product” defined

In this section, the term “biobased product” means a product suitable for food or nonfood use that is derived in whole or in part from renewable agricultural and forestry materials.

Coordination of biobased product activities
The Secretary of Agriculture shall—
coordinate the research, technical expertise, economic information, and market information resources and activities of the Department to develop, commercialize, and promote the use of biobased products;
solicit input from private sector persons who produce, or are interested in producing, biobased products;
provide a centralized contact point for advice and technical assistance for promising and innovative biobased products; and
submit an annual report to Congress describing the coordinated research, marketing, and commercialization activities of the Department relating to biobased products.
Cooperative agreements for biobased products
Agreements authorized

The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with private entities described in subsection (d), under which the facilities and technical expertise of the Agricultural Research Service and the Forest Service may be made available to operate pilot plants and other large-scale preparation facilities for the purpose of bringing technologies necessary for the development and commercialization of new biobased products to the point of practical application.

Description of cooperative activities
Cooperative activities may include—
research on potential environmental impacts of a biobased product;
methods to reduce the cost of manufacturing a biobased product; and
other appropriate research.
Authority of Secretary

To carry out a cooperative agreement with a private entity under paragraph (1), the Secretary may rent to the private entity equipment, the title of which is held by the Federal Government.

Eligible partners
The following entities shall be eligible to enter into a cooperative agreement under subsection (c):
A party that has entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with the Secretary under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a).
A recipient of funding from the Biotechnology Research and Development Corporation.
A recipient of funding from the Secretary under a Small Business Innovation Research Program established under section 638 of title 15.
Pilot project
The Secretary, acting through the Agricultural Research Service, may establish and carry out a pilot project under which grants are provided, on a competitive basis, to scientists of the Agricultural Research Service to—
encourage innovative and collaborative science; and
during each of fiscal years 1999 through 2012, develop biobased products with promising commercial potential.
Source of funds
In general
Except as provided in paragraph (2), to carry out this section, the Secretary may use—
funds appropriated to carry out this section; and
funds otherwise available for cooperative research and development agreements under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).

The Secretary may not use funds referred to in paragraph (1)(B) to carry out subsection (e).

Sale of developed products

For the purpose of determining the market potential for new biobased products produced at a pilot plant or other large-scale preparation facility under a cooperative agreement under this section, the Secretary shall authorize the private partner or partners to the agreement to sell the products.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2012.

(Pub. L. 105–185, title IV, § 404, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 570; Pub. L. 107–171, title VI, § 6201(d)(4), title VII, § 7124, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 419, 434; Pub. L. 110–234, title VII, § 7304, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1242; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title VII, § 7304, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2003; Pub. L. 111–88, div. A, title IV, § 431, Oct. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 2964.)
cite as: 7 USC 7624