References in Text
The Act of June 8, 1940 (commonly known as the Bald Eagle Protection Act), referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is
[act June 8, 1940, ch. 278], [54 Stat. 250], which is classified generally to subchapter II of chapter 5A (§ 668 et seq.) of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is
[Pub. L. 93–205], Dec. 28, 1973, [87 Stat. 884], which is classified principally to chapter 35 (§ 1531 et seq.) of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1531 of Title 16 and Tables.
Section was formerly classified to section 426 of this title prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.
[Pub. L. 115–270] designated first and second sentences as subsecs. (a) and (b), respectively, inserted subsec. headings, and added subsec. (c).
[Pub. L. 106–387] inserted section catchline and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct such investigations, experiments, and tests as he may deem necessary in order to determine, demonstrate, and promulgate the best methods of eradication, suppression, or bringing under control on national forests and other areas of the public domain as well as on State, Territory, or privately owned lands of mountain lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jack rabbits, brown tree snakes, and other animals injurious to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game animals, fur-bearing animals, and birds, and for the protection of stock and other domestic animals through the suppression of rabies and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals; and to conduct campaigns for the destruction or control of such animals: Provided, That in carrying out the provisions of this section the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with States, individuals, and public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.”
[Pub. L. 102–237] inserted “brown tree snakes,” after “rabbits,”.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Transfer of Functions
Functions of Secretary of Agriculture administered through Bureau of Biological Survey, relating to conservation of wildlife, game, and migratory birds, transferred to Secretary of the Interior by 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, § 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. See also sections 401 to 404 of said plan for provisions relating to transfer of functions, records, property, personnel, and funds.
[Pub. L. 99–190, § 101(a) [H.R. 3037, title I, § 101]], Dec. 19, 1985, [99 Stat. 1185]; [Pub. L. 100–202, § 106], Dec. 22, 1987, [101 Stat. 1329–433], provided in part: “That effective upon the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 1985] and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authorities of the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act of March 2, 1931 ( [46 Stat. 1468]; 7 U.S.C. 426–426b) [now 7 U.S.C. 8351, 8352], (transferred to the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to section 4(f) of 1939 Reorganization Plan No. II) and all personnel, property, records, unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations and other funds of the Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Department of the Interior used, held, available or to be made available in connection with the administration of such Act, are hereby transferred from the Secretary of the Interior to the Secretary of Agriculture, and this appropriation shall be available to carry out such authorities.”
Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program
[Pub. L. 115–334, title II, § 2408], Dec. 20, 2018, [132 Stat. 4574], provided that:
The Secretary [of Agriculture] shall establish a feral swine eradication and control pilot program to respond to the threat feral swine pose to agriculture, native ecosystems, and human and animal health.
Duties of the Secretary.—
In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary shall—
study and assess the nature and extent of damage to the pilot areas caused by feral swine;
develop methods to eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot areas;
develop methods to restore damage caused by feral swine; and
provide financial assistance to agricultural producers in pilot areas.
The Secretary may provide financial assistance to agricultural producers under the pilot program to implement methods to—
eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot areas; and
restore damage caused by feral swine.
The Secretary shall ensure that the Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service coordinate for purposes of this section through State technical committees established under section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861
The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program in areas of States in which feral swine have been identified as a threat to agriculture, native ecosystems, or human or animal health, as determined by the Secretary.
The Federal share of the costs of activities under the pilot program may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of such activities.
The non-Federal share of the costs of activities under the pilot program may be provided in the form of in-kind contributions of materials or services.
Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $75,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
Distribution of funds.—
Of the funds made available under paragraph (1)—
50 percent shall be allocated to the Natural Resources Conservation Service to carry out the pilot program, including the provision of financial assistance to producers for on-farm trapping and technology related to capturing and confining feral swine; and
50 percent shall be allocated to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to carry out the pilot program, including the use of established, and testing of innovative, population reduction methods.
Limitation on administrative expenses.—
Not more than 10 percent of funds made available under this section may be used for administrative expenses of the pilot program.”
Wolf Livestock Loss Demonstration Project
[Pub. L. 111–11, title VI], subtitle C, Mar. 30, 2009, [123 Stat. 1170], provided that:
“In this subtitle:
The term ‘Indian tribe’ has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b
) [now 25 U.S.C. 5304
The term ‘livestock’ means cattle, swine, horses, mules, sheep, goats, livestock guard animals, and other domestic animals, as determined by the Secretary.
The term ‘program’ means the demonstration program established under section 6202(a).
The term ‘Secretaries’ means the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture, acting jointly.
WOLF COMPENSATION AND PREVENTION PROGRAM.
The Secretaries shall establish a 5-year demonstration program to provide grants to States and Indian tribes—
to assist livestock producers in undertaking proactive, non-lethal activities to reduce the risk of livestock loss due to predation by wolves; and
to compensate livestock producers for livestock losses due to such predation.
Criteria and Requirements.—
The Secretaries shall—
establish criteria and requirements to implement the program; and
when promulgating regulations to implement the program under paragraph (1), consult with States that have implemented State programs that provide assistance to—
livestock producers to undertake proactive activities to reduce the risk of livestock loss due to predation by wolves; or
provide compensation to livestock producers for livestock losses due to such predation.
To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), a State or Indian tribe shall—
designate an appropriate agency of the State or Indian tribe to administer the 1 or more programs funded by the grant;
establish 1 or more accounts to receive grant funds;
maintain files of all claims received under programs funded by the grant, including supporting documentation;
submit to the Secretary—
annual reports that include—
a summary of claims and expenditures under the program during the year; and
a description of any action taken on the claims; and
such other reports as the Secretary may require to assist the Secretary in determining the effectiveness of activities provided assistance under this section; and
promulgate rules for reimbursing livestock producers under the program.
Allocation of Funding.—
The Secretaries shall allocate funding made available to carry out this subtitle—
equally between the uses identified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a); and
among States and Indian tribes based on—
the level of livestock predation in the State or on the land owned by, or held in trust for the benefit of, the Indian tribe;
whether the State or Indian tribe is located in a geographical area that is at high risk for livestock predation; or
any other factors that the Secretaries determine are appropriate.
Activities and losses described in subsection (a) may occur on Federal, State, or private land, or land owned by, or held in trust for the benefit of, an Indian tribe.
Federal Cost Share.—
The Federal share of the cost of any activity provided assistance made available under this subtitle shall not exceed 50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
“There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and each fiscal year thereafter.”