United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 08, 2023
Art. 53. Findings and sentencing
A court-martial shall announce its findings and sentence to the parties as soon as determined.
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), and in subsection (c) for capital offenses, if the accused is convicted of an offense in a trial by general or special court-martial, the military judge shall sentence the accused.
If the accused is convicted of an offense by general or special court-martial consisting of a military judge and members and the accused elects sentencing by members under section 825 of this title (article 25), the members shall sentence the accused.
The sentence determined pursuant to this paragraph constitutes the sentence of the accused.
If the accused is convicted of an offense in a trial by summary court-martial, the court-martial shall sentence the accused.
In a capital case, if the accused is convicted of an offense for which the court-martial may sentence the accused to death, the members shall determine whether the sentence for that offense shall be death or a lesser authorized punishment.
In accordance with regulations prescribed by the President, the court-martial may include in any sentence to death or life in prison without eligibility for parole other lesser punishments authorized under this chapter.
In a capital case, if the accused is convicted of a non-capital offense, the accused shall be sentenced for such non-capital offense in accordance with subsection (b), regardless of whether the accused is convicted of an offense for which the court-martial may sentence the accused to death.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 56; Pub. L. 114–328, div. E, title LVII, § 5236,
Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2916; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title X, § 1081(c)(1)(G), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1598; Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title V, § 539E(a), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 1700.)
cite as: 10 USC 853