United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 05, 2023

§ 5602.
Multilateral efforts
Multilateral controls on proliferation
It is the policy of the United States to seek multilaterally coordinated efforts with other countries to control the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. In furtherance of this policy, the United States shall—
promote agreements banning the transfer of missiles suitable for armament with chemical or biological warheads;
set as a top priority the early conclusion of a comprehensive global agreement banning the use, development, production, and stockpiling of chemical weapons;
seek and support effective international means of monitoring and reporting regularly on commerce in equipment, materials, and technology applicable to the attainment of a chemical or biological weapons capability; and
pursue and give full support to multilateral sanctions pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 620, which declared the intention of the Security Council to give immediate consideration to imposing “appropriate and effective” sanctions against any country which uses chemical weapons in violation of international law.
Multilateral controls on chemical agents, precursors, and equipment
It is also the policy of the United States to strengthen efforts to control chemical agents, precursors, and equipment by taking all appropriate multilateral diplomatic measures—
to continue to seek a verifiable global ban on chemical weapons at the 40 nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva;
to support the Australia Group’s objective to support the norms and restraints against the spread and the use of chemical warfare, to advance the negotiation of a comprehensive ban on chemical warfare by taking appropriate measures, and to protect the Australia Group’s domestic industries against inadvertent association with supply of feedstock chemical equipment that could be misused to produce chemical weapons;
to implement paragraph (2) by proposing steps complementary to, and not mutually exclusive of, existing multilateral efforts seeking a verifiable ban on chemical weapons, such as the establishment of—
a harmonized list of export control rules and regulations to prevent relative commercial advantage and disadvantages accruing to Australia Group members,
liaison officers to the Australia Group’s coordinating entity from within the diplomatic missions,
a close working relationship between the Australia Group and industry,
a public unclassified warning list of controlled chemical agents, precursors, and equipment,
information-exchange channels of suspected proliferants,
a “denial” list of firms and individuals who violate the Australia Group’s export control provisions, and
broader cooperation between the Australia Group and other countries whose political commitment to stem the proliferation of chemical weapons is similar to that of the Australia Group; and
to adopt the imposition of stricter controls on the export of chemical agents, precursors, and equipment and to adopt tougher multilateral sanctions against firms and individuals who violate these controls or against countries that use chemical weapons.
(Pub. L. 102–182, title III, § 303, Dec. 4, 1991, 105 Stat. 1245.)
cite as: 22 USC 5602