United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Aug 15, 2022

§ 1621c.
Diabetes prevention, treatment, and control
(a)
Determinations regarding diabetes
The Secretary, acting through the Service, and in consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations, shall determine—
(1)
by Indian tribe and by Service unit, the incidence of, and the types of complications resulting from, diabetes among Indians; and
(2)
based on the determinations made pursuant to paragraph (1), the measures (including patient education and effective ongoing monitoring of disease indicators) each Service unit should take to reduce the incidence of, and prevent, treat, and control the complications resulting from, diabetes among Indian tribes within that Service unit.
(b)
Diabetes screening

To the extent medically indicated and with informed consent, the Secretary shall screen each Indian who receives services from the Service for diabetes and for conditions which indicate a high risk that the individual will become diabetic and establish a cost-effective approach to ensure ongoing monitoring of disease indicators. Such screening and monitoring may be conducted by a tribal health program and may be conducted through appropriate Internet-based health care management programs.

(c)
Diabetes projects

The Secretary shall continue to maintain each model diabetes project in existence on March 23, 2010, any such other diabetes programs operated by the Service or tribal health programs, and any additional diabetes projects, such as the Medical Vanguard program provided for in title IV of Public Law 108–87, as implemented to serve Indian tribes. tribal 1

1
 So in original. Probably should be capitalized.
health programs shall receive recurring funding for the diabetes projects that they operate pursuant to this section, both at March 23, 2010, and for projects which are added and funded thereafter.

(d)
Dialysis programs

The Secretary is authorized to provide, through the Service, Indian tribes, and tribal organizations, dialysis programs, including the purchase of dialysis equipment and the provision of necessary staffing.

(e)
Other duties of the Secretary
(1)
In general
The Secretary shall, to the extent funding is available—
(A)
in each area office, consult with Indian tribes and tribal organizations regarding programs for the prevention, treatment, and control of diabetes;
(B)
establish in each area office a registry of patients with diabetes to track the incidence of diabetes and the complications from diabetes in that area; and
(C)
ensure that data collected in each area office regarding diabetes and related complications among Indians are disseminated to all other area offices, subject to applicable patient privacy laws.
(2)
Diabetes control officers
(A)
In general

The Secretary may establish and maintain in each area office a position of diabetes control officer to coordinate and manage any activity of that area office relating to the prevention, treatment, or control of diabetes to assist the Secretary in carrying out a program under this section or section 254c–3 of title 42.

(B)
Certain activities

Any activity carried out by a diabetes control officer under subparagraph (A) that is the subject of a contract or compact under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.),2

2
 See References in Text note below.
and any funds made available to carry out such an activity, shall not be divisible for purposes of that Act.

(Pub. L. 94–437, title II, § 204, as added Pub. L. 100–713, title II, § 203(c), Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4806; amended Pub. L. 102–573, title II, §§ 204, 217(b)(3), title IX, § 901(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4546, 4559, 4590; Pub. L. 111–148, title X, § 10221(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 935.)
cite as: 25 USC 1621c