United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Aug 15, 2022

§ 1621m.
Epidemiology centers
(a)
Establishment of centers
(1)
In general

The Secretary shall establish an epidemiology center in each Service area to carry out the functions described in subsection (b).

(2)
New centers
(A)
In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), any new center established after March 23, 2010, may be operated under a grant authorized by subsection (d).

(B)
Requirement

Funding provided in a grant described in subparagraph (A) shall not be divisible.

(3)
Funds not divisible

An epidemiology center established under this subsection shall be subject to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.),1

1
 See References in Text note below.
but the funds for the center shall not be divisible.

(b)
Functions of centers
In consultation with and on the request of Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations, each Service area epidemiology center established under this section shall, with respect to the applicable Service area—
(1)
collect data relating to, and monitor progress made toward meeting, each of the health status objectives of the Service, the Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations in the Service area;
(2)
evaluate existing delivery systems, data systems, and other systems that impact the improvement of Indian health;
(3)
assist Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations in identifying highest-priority health status objectives and the services needed to achieve those objectives, based on epidemiological data;
(4)
make recommendations for the targeting of services needed by the populations served;
(5)
make recommendations to improve health care delivery systems for Indians and urban Indians;
(6)
provide requested technical assistance to Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations in the development of local health service priorities and incidence and prevalence rates of disease and other illness in the community; and
(7)
provide disease surveillance and assist Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian communities to promote public health.
(c)
Technical assistance

The Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall provide technical assistance to the centers in carrying out this section.

(d)
Grants for studies
(1)
In general

The Secretary may make grants to Indian tribes, tribal organizations, Indian organizations, and eligible intertribal consortia to conduct epidemiological studies of Indian communities.

(2)
Eligible intertribal consortia
An intertribal consortium or Indian organization shall be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection if the intertribal consortium is—
(A)
incorporated for the primary purpose of improving Indian health; and
(B)
representative of the Indian tribes or urban Indian communities residing in the area in which the intertribal consortium is located.
(3)
Applications

An application for a grant under this subsection shall be submitted in such manner and at such time as the Secretary shall prescribe.

(4)
Requirements
An applicant for a grant under this subsection shall—
(A)
demonstrate the technical, administrative, and financial expertise necessary to carry out the functions described in paragraph (5);
(B)
consult and cooperate with providers of related health and social services in order to avoid duplication of existing services; and
(C)
demonstrate cooperation from Indian tribes or urban Indian organizations in the area to be served.
(5)
Use of funds
A grant provided under paragraph (1) may be used—
(A)
to carry out the functions described in subsection (b);
(B)
to provide information to, and consult with, tribal leaders, urban Indian community leaders, and related health staff regarding health care and health service management issues; and
(C)
in collaboration with Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations, to provide to the Service information regarding ways to improve the health status of Indians.
(e)
Access to information
(1)
In general

An epidemiology center operated by a grantee pursuant to a grant awarded under subsection (d) shall be treated as a public health authority (as defined in section 164.501 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation)) for purposes of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104–191; 110 Stat. 1936).

(2)
Access to information

The Secretary shall grant to each epidemiology center described in paragraph (1) access to use of the data, data sets, monitoring systems, delivery systems, and other protected health information in the possession of the Secretary.

(3)
Requirement

The activities of an epidemiology center described in paragraph (1) shall be for the purposes of research and for preventing and controlling disease, injury, or disability (as those activities are described in section 164.512 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation)), for purposes of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104–191; 110 Stat. 1936).

(Pub. L. 94–437, title II, § 214, as added Pub. L. 102–573, title II, § 210, Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4551; amended Pub. L. 111–148, title X, § 10221(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 935.)
cite as: 25 USC 1621m