United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: May 23, 2024

§ 3072.
Definitions
In this chapter:
(1)
Archaeological resource

The term “archaeological resource” means an archaeological resource (as defined in section 470bb of title 16) that is Native American.

(2)
Cultural affiliation

The term “cultural affiliation” means that there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced historically or prehistorically between a present day Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and an identifiable earlier group.

(3)
Cultural item

The term “cultural item” means any 1 or more cultural items (as defined in section 2 of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001)).

(4)
Indian Tribe

The term “Indian Tribe” has the meaning given the term “Indian tribe” in section 2 of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001).

(5)
Item Prohibited from Exportation
The term “Item Prohibited from Exportation” means—
(A)
(i)
section 1170(b) of title 18, as added by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); or
(ii)
any other Federal law or treaty; and
(B)
an archaeological resource prohibited from being trafficked, including through sale, purchase, exchange, transport, receipt, or offer to sell, purchase, or exchange, including in interstate or foreign commerce, by—
(i)
subsections (b) and (c) of section 470ee of title 16; or
(ii)
any other Federal law or treaty.
(6)
Item Requiring Export Certification
(A)
In general
The term “Item Requiring Export Certification” means—
(i)
a cultural item; and
(ii)
an archaeological resource.
(B)
Exclusion

The term “Item Requiring Export Certification” does not include an item described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) for which an Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization with a cultural affiliation with the item has provided a certificate authorizing exportation of the item.

(7)
Native American
The term “Native American” means—
(A)
Native American (as defined in section 2 of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001)); and
(B)
Native Hawaiian (as so defined).
(8)
Native Hawaiian organization

The term “Native Hawaiian organization” has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001).

(9)
Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior.

(10)
Tangible cultural heritage
The term “tangible cultural heritage” means—
(A)
Native American human remains; or
(B)
culturally, historically, or archaeologically significant objects, resources, patrimony, or other items that are affiliated with a Native American culture.
(Pub. L. 117–258, § 3, Dec. 21, 2022, 136 Stat. 2373.)
cite as: 25 USC 3072