United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Dec 07, 2023

§ 6428B.
2021 recovery rebates to individuals
(a)
In general

In the case of an eligible individual, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by subtitle A for the first taxable year beginning in 2021 an amount equal to the 2021 rebate amount determined for such taxable year.

(b)
2021 rebate amount
For purposes of this section, the term “2021 rebate amount” means, with respect to any taxpayer for any taxable year, the sum of—
(1)
$1,400 ($2,800 in the case of a joint return), plus
(2)
$1,400 multiplied by the number of dependents of the taxpayer for such taxable year.
(c)
Eligible individual
For purposes of this section, the term “eligible individual” means any individual other than—
(1)
any nonresident alien individual,
(2)
any individual who is a dependent of another taxpayer for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which the individual’s taxable year begins, and
(3)
an estate or trust.
(d)
Limitation based on adjusted gross income
(1)
In general
The amount of the credit allowed by subsection (a) (determined without regard to this subsection and subsection (f)) shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the amount which bears the same ratio to such credit (as so determined) as—
(A)
the excess of—
(i)
the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income for such taxable year, over
(ii)
$75,000, bears to
(B)
$5,000.
(2)
Special rules
(A)
Joint return or surviving spouse

In the case of a joint return or a surviving spouse (as defined in section 2(a)), paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting “$150,000” for “$75,000” and “$10,000” for “$5,000”.

(B)
Head of household

In the case of a head of household (as defined in section 2(b)), paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting “$112,500” for “$75,000” and “$7,500” for “$5,000”.

(e)
Definitions and special rules
(1)
Dependent defined

For purposes of this section, the term “dependent” has the meaning given such term by section 152.

(2)
Identification number requirement
(A)
In general

In the case of a return other than a joint return, the $1,400 amount in subsection (b)(1) shall be treated as being zero unless the taxpayer includes the valid identification number of the taxpayer on the return of tax for the taxable year.

(B)
Joint returns
In the case of a joint return, the $2,800 amount in subsection (b)(1) shall be treated as being—
(i)
$1,400 if the valid identification number of only 1 spouse is included on the return of tax for the taxable year, and
(ii)
zero if the valid identification number of neither spouse is so included.
(C)
Dependents

A dependent shall not be taken into account under subsection (b)(2) unless the valid identification number of such dependent is included on the return of tax for the taxable year.

(D)
Valid identification number
(i)
In general

For purposes of this paragraph, the term “valid identification number” means a social security number issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration on or before the due date for filing the return for the taxable year.

(ii)
Adoption taxpayer identification number

For purposes of subparagraph (C), in the case of a dependent who is adopted or placed for adoption, the term “valid identification number” shall include the adoption taxpayer identification number of such dependent.

(E)
Special rule for members of the Armed Forces

Subparagraph (B) shall not apply in the case where at least 1 spouse was a member of the Armed Forces of the United States at any time during the taxable year and the valid identification number of at least 1 spouse is included on the return of tax for the taxable year.

(F)
Coordination with certain advance payments

In the case of any payment determined pursuant to subsection (g)(6), a valid identification number shall be treated for purposes of this paragraph as included on the taxpayer’s return of tax if such valid identification number is available to the Secretary as described in such subsection.

(G)
Mathematical or clerical error authority

Any omission of a correct valid identification number required under this paragraph shall be treated as a mathematical or clerical error for purposes of applying section 6213(g)(2) to such omission.

(3)
Credit treated as refundable

The credit allowed by subsection (a) shall be treated as allowed by subpart C of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1.

(f)
Coordination with advance refunds of credit
(1)
Reduction of refundable credit

The amount of the credit which would (but for this paragraph) be allowable under subsection (a) shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the aggregate refunds and credits made or allowed to the taxpayer (or, except as otherwise provided by the Secretary, any dependent of the taxpayer) under subsection (g). Any failure to so reduce the credit shall be treated as arising out of a mathematical or clerical error and assessed according to section 6213(b)(1).

(2)
Joint returns

Except as otherwise provided by the Secretary, in the case of a refund or credit made or allowed under subsection (g) with respect to a joint return, half of such refund or credit shall be treated as having been made or allowed to each individual filing such return.

(g)
Advance refunds and credits
(1)
In general

Subject to paragraphs (5) and (6), each individual who was an eligible individual for such individual’s first taxable year beginning in 2019 shall be treated as having made a payment against the tax imposed by chapter 1 for such taxable year in an amount equal to the advance refund amount for such taxable year.

(2)
Advance refund amount
(A)
In general

For purposes of paragraph (1), the advance refund amount is the amount that would have been allowed as a credit under this section for such taxable year if this section (other than subsection (f) and this subsection) had applied to such taxable year.

(B)
Treatment of deceased individuals
For purposes of determining the advance refund amount with respect to such taxable year—
(i)
any individual who was deceased before January 1, 2021, shall be treated for purposes of applying subsection (e)(2) in the same manner as if the valid identification number of such person was not included on the return of tax for such taxable year (except that subparagraph (E) thereof shall not apply),
(ii)
notwithstanding clause (i), in the case of a joint return with respect to which only 1 spouse is deceased before January 1, 2021, such deceased spouse was a member of the Armed Forces of the United States at any time during the taxable year, and the valid identification number of such deceased spouse is included on the return of tax for the taxable year, the valid identification number of 1 (and only 1) spouse shall be treated as included on the return of tax for the taxable year for purposes of applying subsection (e)(2)(B) with respect to such joint return, and
(iii)
no amount shall be determined under subsection (e)(2) with respect to any dependent of the taxpayer if the taxpayer (both spouses in the case of a joint return) was deceased before January 1, 2021.
(3)
Timing and manner of payments

The Secretary shall, subject to the provisions of this title and consistent with rules similar to the rules of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 6428A(f)(3), refund or credit any overpayment attributable to this subsection as rapidly as possible, consistent with a rapid effort to make payments attributable to such overpayments electronically if appropriate. No refund or credit shall be made or allowed under this subsection after December 31, 2021.

(4)
No interest

No interest shall be allowed on any overpayment attributable to this subsection.

(5)
Application to individuals who have filed a return of tax for 2020
(A)
Application to 2020 returns filed at time of initial determination

If, at the time of any determination made pursuant to paragraph (3), the individual referred to in paragraph (1) has filed a return of tax for the individual’s first taxable year beginning in 2020, paragraph (1) shall be applied with respect to such individual by substituting “2020” for “2019”.

(B)
Additional payment
(i)
In general
In the case of any individual who files, before the additional payment determination date, a return of tax for such individual’s first taxable year beginning in 2020, the Secretary shall make a payment (in addition to any payment made under paragraph (1)) to such individual equal to the excess (if any) of—
(I)
the amount which would be determined under paragraph (1) (after the application of subparagraph (A)) by applying paragraph (1) as of the additional payment determination date, over
(II)
the amount of any payment made with respect to such individual under paragraph (1).
(ii)
Additional payment determination date
The term “additional payment determination date” means the earlier of—
(I)
the date which is 90 days after the 2020 calendar year filing deadline, or
(II)
September 1, 2021.
(iii)
2020 calendar year filing deadline

The term “2020 calendar year filing deadline” means the date specified in section 6072(a) with respect to returns for calendar year 2020. Such date shall be determined after taking into account any period disregarded under section 7508A if such disregard applies to substantially all returns for calendar year 2020 to which section 6072(a) applies.

(6)
Application to certain individuals who have not filed a return of tax for 2019 or 2020 at time of determination

In the case of any individual who, at the time of any determination made pursuant to paragraph (3), has filed a tax return for neither the year described in paragraph (1) nor for the year described in paragraph (5)(A), the Secretary shall, consistent with rules similar to the rules of section 6428A(f)(5)(H)(i), apply paragraph (1) on the basis of information available to the Secretary and shall, on the basis of such information, determine the advance refund amount with respect to such individual without regard to subsection (d) unless the Secretary has reason to know that such amount would otherwise be reduced by reason of such subsection.

(7)
Special rule related to time of filing return

Solely for purposes of this subsection, a return of tax shall not be treated as filed until such return has been processed by the Internal Revenue Service.

(8)
Restriction on use of certain previously issued prepaid debit cards

Payments made by the Secretary to individuals under this section shall not be in the form of an increase in the balance of any previously issued prepaid debit card if, as of the time of the issuance of such card, such card was issued solely for purposes of making payments under section 6428 or 6428A.

(h)
Regulations
The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations or other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section, including—
(1)
regulations or other guidance providing taxpayers the opportunity to provide the Secretary information sufficient to allow the Secretary to make payments to such taxpayers under subsection (g) (including the determination of the amount of such payment) if such information is not otherwise available to the Secretary, and
(2)
regulations or other guidance to ensure to the maximum extent administratively practicable that, in determining the amount of any credit under subsection (a) and any credit or refund under subsection (g), an individual is not taken into account more than once, including by different taxpayers and including by reason of a change in joint return status or dependent status between the taxable year for which an advance refund amount is determined and the taxable year for which a credit under subsection (a) is determined.
(i)
Outreach

The Secretary shall carry out a robust and comprehensive outreach program to ensure that all taxpayers described in subsection (h)(1) learn of their eligibility for the advance refunds and credits under subsection (g); are advised of the opportunity to receive such advance refunds and credits as provided under subsection (h)(1); and are provided assistance in applying for such advance refunds and credits.

(Added Pub. L. 117–2, title IX, § 9601(a), Mar. 11, 2021, 135 Stat. 138.)
cite as: 26 USC 6428B