United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jul 19, 2024

§ 1922.
Persons eligible for real estate loans
(a)
In general
(1)
Eligibility requirements
(2)
Special rules
(A)
Eligibility of certain operating-only entities

An entity that is or will become only the operator of a family farm shall be considered to meet the owner-operator requirements of paragraph (1) if the individuals that are the owners of the family farm own more than 50 percent (or such other percentage as the Secretary determines is appropriate) of the entity.

(B)
Eligibility of certain embedded entities

An entity that is an owner-operator described in paragraph (1), or an operator described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph that is owned, in whole or in part, by other entities, shall be considered to meet the direct ownership requirement imposed under paragraph (1) if at least 75 percent of the ownership interests of each embedded entity of the entity is owned directly or indirectly by the individuals that own the family farm.

(b)
Direct loans
(1)
In general
Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary may make a direct loan under this subchapter only to a farmer or rancher who has participated in the business operations of a farm or ranch for not less than 3 years or has other acceptable experience for a period of time, as determined by the Secretary, and—
(A)
is a qualified beginning farmer or rancher;
(B)
has not received a previous direct farm ownership loan made under this subchapter; or
(C)
has not received a direct farm ownership loan under this subchapter more than 10 years before the date the new loan would be made.
(2)
Youth loans

The operation of an enterprise by a youth under section 1941(b) of this title shall not be considered the operation of a farm or ranch for purposes of paragraph (1).

(3)
Transition rule
(A)
In general

Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Secretary may make a direct loan under this subchapter to a farmer or rancher who has a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter on April 4, 1996.

(B)
Less than 5 years

If, as of April 4, 1996, a farmer or rancher has had a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter for less than 5 years, the Secretary shall not make a loan to the farmer or rancher under subparagraph (A) after the date that is 10 years after April 4, 1996.

(C)
5 years or more

If, as of April 4, 1996, a farmer or rancher has had a direct loan outstanding under this subchapter for 5 years or more, the Secretary shall not make a loan to the farmer or rancher under subparagraph (A) after the date that is 5 years after April 4, 1996.

(D)
Notice

Beginning with fiscal year 2000 not later than 12 months before a borrower will become ineligible for direct loans under this subchapter by reason of this paragraph, the Secretary shall notify the borrower of such impending ineligibility.

(4)
Waiver authority
In the case of a qualified beginning farmer or rancher, the Secretary may—
(A)
reduce the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) to 1 or 2 years, if the farmer or rancher has—
(i)
not less than 16 credit hours of post-secondary education in a field related to agriculture;
(ii)
successfully completed a farm management curriculum offered by a cooperative extension service, a community college, an adult vocational agriculture program, a nonprofit organization, or a land-grant college or university;
(iii)
at least 1 year of experience as hired farm labor with substantial management responsibilities;
(iv)
successfully completed a farm mentorship, apprenticeship, or internship program with an emphasis on management requirements and day-to-day farm management decisions;
(v)
significant business management experience;
(vi)
been honorably discharged from the armed forces of the United States;
(vii)
successfully repaid a youth loan made under section 1941(b) of this title; or
(viii)
an established relationship with an individual who has experience in farming or ranching, or is a retired farmer or rancher, and is participating as a counselor in a Service Corps of Retired Executives program authorized under section 637(b)(1)(B) of title 15, or with a local farm or ranch operator or organization, approved by the Secretary, that is committed to mentoring the farmer or rancher; or
(B)
waive the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) if the farmer or rancher meets the requirements of clauses (iii) and (viii) of subparagraph (A).
(Pub. L. 87–128, title III, § 302, Aug. 8, 1961, 75 Stat. 307; Pub. L. 91–620, § 2, Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1862; Pub. L. 95–334, title I, § 101, Aug. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 420; Pub. L. 97–98, title XVI, § 1601(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1346; Pub. L. 99–198, title XIII, §§ 1301(a), 1302(a), 1303, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1518, 1519; Pub. L. 104–127, title VI, § 601, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VIII, §§ 804, 805(1)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–39; Pub. L. 107–171, title V, §§ 5001, 5302(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 341, 344; Pub. L. 110–234, title V, § 5001, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1142; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title V, § 5001, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1903; Pub. L. 113–79, title V, § 5001(a), (b), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 832, 833; Pub. L. 115–334, title V, § 5101, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4668.)
cite as: 7 USC 1922