1
 So in original. Probably should be followed by another closing parenthesis.
to conduct under section 4(k) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 [
2
 So in original. Probably should be followed by “of 1956”.
[
3
 See References in Text note below.
of the National Housing Act [
4
 So in original. Probably should be “Director”.
of the Office of Thrift Supervision, or, on and after the transfer date,
5
 So in original. Probably should be “subsection”.
shall be held in the Federal judicial district or in the territory in which the principal office of the association or other company is located unless the party afforded the hearing consents to another place, and shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 5 of title 5.
6
 See Codification note below.
Civil money penalty
7
 So in original. The words “the appropriate Federal banking agency determines that” probably should not appear.
the exemption will not have an undue adverse effect on competing savings associations in the relevant market and will further the purposes of this subsection.
8
 So in original. Probably should be “preponderance”.
Editorial Notes
References in Text

The Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(D)(ii)(I), (c)(2)(H)(ii), (e)(1)(B)(iii), (m)(3)(C), and (t), is act May 9, 1956, ch. 240, 70 Stat. 133, which is classified principally to chapter 17 (§ 1841 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1841 of this title and Tables.

The Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, referred to in subsec. (b)(4)(A), is title X of Pub. L. 111–203, July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1955. Subtitle B of the Act is classified generally to part B (§ 5511 et seq.) of subchapter V of chapter 53 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.

Sections 406 and 408 of the National Housing Act, referred to in subsecs. (c)(3)(B)(i)(I), (6)(C)(i), (iv), (e)(1)(A)(iii)(VI), and (q)(1)(F), which were classified to sections 1729 and 1730a of this title, respectively, were repealed by Pub. L. 101–73, title IV, § 407, Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 363.

The transfer date, referred to in subsec. (e)(7)(B)(iii), probably means the transfer date defined in section 5301 of this title.

Section 1815(d) of this title, referred to in subsecs. (m)(3)(G) and (s)(1), was amended by Pub. L. 109–173, § 8(a)(4), (5)(D), Feb. 15, 2006, 119 Stat. 3610, 3611, and no longer contains provisions relating to conversion transactions. Section 1815(d)(3), which related to optional conversions by insured depository institutions, was struck out and section 1815(d)(1)(C) was redesignated section 1815(d)(3).

Section 1465 of this title, referred to in subsec. (m)(4)(B)(iii), was repealed by Pub. L. 106–569, title XII, § 1201(a), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 3032.

The National Bank Act, referred to in subsec. (s)(5), is act June 3, 1864, ch. 106, 13 Stat. 99, which is classified principally to chapter 2 (§ 21 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under section 38 of this title.

Codification

The directory language of sections 905(j) and 907(k) of Pub. L. 101–73 amending subsec. (i) of this section resulted in the enactment of two virtually identical pars. (2) and (3) both relating to civil money penalties and a par. (5) identical to former par. (4). See 1989 Amendment notes below.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(A), substituted “appropriate Federal banking agency” for “Director”.

Subsec. (a)(1)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 111–203, § 604(i), amended cl. (ii) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term ‘savings and loan holding company’ does not include a bank holding company that is registered under, and subject to, the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, or to any company directly or indirectly controlled by such company (other than a savings association).”

Subsec. (a)(1)(F). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(A), substituted “appropriate Federal banking agency” for “Director”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(D), (3)(A), (4). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director”.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 111–203, § 604(g), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpars. (B) and (C).

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(B)(i), struck out “and the regional office of the Director of the district in which its principal office is located,” before “such reports as may be required”.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director”.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 111–203, § 604(h)(2), added par. (4) and struck out former par. (4). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Each savings and loan holding company and each subsidiary thereof (other than a bank) shall be subject to such examinations as the Board may prescribe. The cost of such examinations shall be assessed against and paid by such holding company. Examination and other reports may be furnished by the Board to the appropriate State supervisory authority. The Board shall, to the extent deemed feasible, use for the purposes of this subsection reports filed with or examinations made by other Federal agencies or the appropriate State supervisory authority.”

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director”.

Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “The Board” for “The Director” and “if the Board” for “if the Director”.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(B)(ii), which directed substitution of “motion or application of the Board” for “Director’s own motion or application”, was executed by making the substitution for “Director’s own motion or upon application”, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (c)(2)(F)(i). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “unless the Board” for “unless the Director”.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(C)(i), struck out “of Governors of the Federal Reserve System” after “which the Board”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(G). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(H). Pub. L. 111–203, § 606(b), added subpar. (H).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c)(4)(B). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(C)(ii), struck out “by Director” at end of heading.

Subsec. (c)(5), (6). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c)(6)(D). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(C)(iii), which directed striking out “by director” in heading, was executed by striking out “by Director” after “Order” in heading, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (c)(9)(E). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” in two places.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(C)(iv), inserted “(in consultation with the appropriate Federal banking agency)” after “including a determination”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (e)(2)(E). Pub. L. 111–203, § 623(c)(1), added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (e)(7). Pub. L. 111–203, § 623(c)(2), added par. (7).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 616(b), inserted “, including regulations and orders relating to capital requirements for savings and loan holding companies,” after “issue such regulations and orders” and “In establishing capital regulations pursuant to this subsection, the appropriate Federal banking agency shall seek to make such requirements countercyclical so that the amount of capital required to be maintained by a company increases in times of economic expansion and decreases in times of economic contraction, consistent with the safety and soundness of the company.” at end.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (g)(2), (3)(A), (4), (5)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (g)(5)(B). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “The Board” for “The Director”.

Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(D), substituted “the discretion of the Board” for “the Director’s discretion”.

Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(E), substituted “appropriate Federal banking agency” for “Director” in pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(F), which directed substitution of “appropriate Federal banking agency” for “Director”, was executed by making the substitution wherever appearing, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (m)(3)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 624(1), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A savings association that fails to become or remain a qualified thrift lender shall either become one or more banks (other than a savings bank) or be subject to subparagraph (B), except as provided in subparagraph (D).”

Subsec. (m)(3)(B)(i)(III), (IV). Pub. L. 111–203, § 624(2), added subcls. (III) and (IV) and struck out former subcl. (III). Prior to amendment, text of subcl. (III) read as follows: “The savings association shall be subject to all statutes and regulations governing the payment of dividends by a national bank in the same manner and to the same extent as if the savings association were a national bank.”

Subsec. (o)(3). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (o)(7). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(K), substituted “Board” for “Director” in two places.

Subsec. (o)(11). Pub. L. 111–203, § 625(a), added par. (11).

Subsec. (p)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(G)(i), in introductory provisions, substituted “If the Board or the appropriate Federal banking agency for the savings association determines” for “If the Director determines”, “Board may” for “Director may”, and “as the Board, in consultation with the appropriate Federal banking agency for the savings association determines” for “as the Director determines”.

Subsec. (p)(2). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(G)(ii), substituted “Board” for “Director” in subpars. (A) and (B).

Subsec. (q). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(H), substituted “Board” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (r). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(I), substituted “Board or appropriate Federal banking agency” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (s)(2). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(J)(i)(II), substituted “appropriate Federal banking agency for the savings association” for “Director” wherever appearing.

Subsec. (s)(2)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(J)(i)(I), substituted “judgment of the appropriate Federal banking agency for the savings association” for “Director’s judgment”.

Subsec. (s)(4)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 369(8)(J)(ii), substituted “Comptroller” for “Director”.

2006—Subsec. (c)(6)(D). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(A), substituted “this chapter” for “this title”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iii)(VII). Pub. L. 109–171 repealed Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(i). See 1996 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 109–171 repealed Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(ii). See 1996 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(B), substituted “Deposit Insurance Fund” for “Savings Association Insurance Fund or Bank Insurance Fund”.

Pub. L. 109–171 repealed Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(iii). See 1996 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(C), substituted “Deposit Insurance Fund” for “Savings Association Insurance Fund or the Bank Insurance Fund” in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 109–171 repealed Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(iv). See 1996 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (e)(4)(B). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(D), substituted “subsection (l)” for “subsection (1)”.

Subsec. (g)(3)(A). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(E), substituted “(5) of this subsection” for “(5) of this section”.

Subsec. (i)(4), (5). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(F), redesignated par. (5) as (4).

Subsec. (m)(3)(E) to (H). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(G), redesignated subpars. (F) to (H) as (E) to (G), respectively, and struck out heading and text of former subpar. (E). Text read as follows: “Any bank chartered as a result of the requirements of this section shall be obligated until December 31, 1993, to pay to the Savings Association Insurance Fund the assessments assessed on savings associations under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. Such association shall also be assessed, on the date of its change of status from a Savings Association Insurance Fund member, the exit fee and entrance fee provided in section 5(d) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. Such institution shall not be obligated to pay the assessments assessed on banks under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act until—

“(i) December 31, 1993, or

“(ii) the institution’s change of status from a Savings Association Insurance Fund member to a Bank Insurance Fund member,

whichever is later.”

Pub. L. 109–171 repealed Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(v). See 1996 Amendment notes below.

Subsec. (m)(7)(A). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(H), substituted “during the period” for “during period” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (o)(3)(D). Pub. L. 109–173, § 9(e)(2)(I), substituted “subsections (s) and (t) of section 1464 of this title” for “sections 1464(s) and (t) of this title”.

2000—Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 106–569, § 1202, in introductory provisions, inserted “, except with the prior written approval of the Director,” after “to acquire, by purchase or otherwise, or to retain” and substituted “acquire or retain, and the Director may not authorize acquisition or retention of,” for “so acquire or retain”.

Subsec. (m)(4)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 106–569, § 1201(b)(2), inserted “as in effect on the day before December 27, 2000,” after “section 1465 of this title,”.

1999—Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 106–102, § 401(a), added par. (9).

Subsec. (m)(3)(B)(i)(III), (IV). Pub. L. 106–102, § 604(d)(1), redesignated subcl. (IV) as (III) and struck out heading and text of former subcl. (III). Text read as follows: “The savings association shall not be eligible to obtain new advances from any Federal home loan bank.”

Subsec. (m)(3)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 106–102, § 604(d)(2), added cl. (ii) and struck out heading and text of former cl. (ii). Text read as follows: “The following additional restrictions shall apply to a savings association beginning 3 years after the date on which the savings association should have become or ceases to be a qualified thrift lender:

“(I) Activities.—The savings association shall not retain any investment (including an investment in any subsidiary) or engage, directly or indirectly, in any activity unless that investment or activity would be permissible for the savings association if it were a national bank, and is also permissible for the savings association as a savings association.

“(II) Advances.—The savings association shall repay any outstanding advances from any Federal home loan bank as promptly as can be prudently done consistent with the safe and sound operation of the savings association.”

Subsec. (o)(5)(E). Pub. L. 106–102, § 401(b), substituted “subsection (c)(2) or (c)(9)(A)(ii) of this section” for “subsection (c)(2) of this section, except subparagraph (B)”.

1996—Subsec. (a)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(b), amended heading and text of subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term ‘savings and loan holding company’ means any company which directly or indirectly controls a savings association or controls any other company which is a savings and loan holding company.”

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iii)(VII). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(i), which directed insertion of “or” at end, was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(c)(1), inserted “or” at end.

Subsec. (e)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(ii), which directed insertion of “and” at end, was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(c)(2), inserted “and” at end.

Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(iii), which directed substitution of “Deposit Insurance Fund” for “Savings Association Insurance Fund or Bank Insurance Fund”, was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below and 2006 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (e)(1)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(c)(3), added cl. (iii).

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(iv), which directed substitution of “Deposit Insurance Fund” for “Savings Association Insurance Fund or the Bank Insurance Fund”, was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below and 2006 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (m)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(e)(3), added subpar. (A), redesignated existing provisions as subpar. (B), and redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, of subpar. (B).

Subsec. (m)(3)(E). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(v), which directed the amendment of par. (3) by striking subpar. (E) and redesignating subpar. (F) as (E), was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below and 2006 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (m)(3)(F). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(v), which directed the amendment of par. (3) by redesignating subpar. (F) as (E), was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below and 2006 Amendment note above.

Pub. L. 104–201 substituted “associations serving certain” for “association serving transient” in heading, substituted “company if” for “company if—” and cl. (i), struck out cl. (ii) designation before “at least 90”, and substituted “members” for “officers” in two places. Prior to amendment, cl. (i) read as follows: “the savings and loan holding company is a reciprocal interinsurance exchange that acquired control of the insured institution before January 1, 1984; and”.

Subsec. (m)(3)(G), (H). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2704(d)(12)(B)(v), which directed the amendment of par. (3) by redesignating subpars. (G) and (H) as (F) and (G), respectively, was repealed by Pub. L. 109–171. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below and 2006 Amendment note above.

Subsec. (m)(4). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2303(g)(1), substituted “subsection, the following definitions apply:” for “subsection—” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(ii)(VII). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2303(g)(2)(A), added subcl. (VII).

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(iii)(VI). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2303(g)(2)(B), added cl. (VI) and struck out former cl. (VI) which read as follows: “Loans for personal, family, household, or educational purposes, but the dollar amount treated as qualified thrift investments under this subclause may not exceed the amount which is equal to 10 percent of the savings association’s portfolio assets.”

Subsec. (m)(4)(D), (E). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2303(g)(3), added subpars. (D) and (E).

Subsec. (s)(2)(A). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2201(b)(2), substituted “under any” for “under section 5(d)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or any other”.

Subsec. (t). Pub. L. 104–208, § 2203(a), added subsec. (t).

1992—Subsec. (m)(1), (3)(D). Pub. L. 102–550, § 1606(f)(4), amended Pub. L. 102–242, § 437. See 1991 Amendment note below.

Subsecs. (s), (t). Pub. L. 102–550, § 1607(b), redesignated subsec. (t) as (s).

1991—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 102–242, § 211(1), inserted after subpar. (B) “Consideration of the managerial resources of a company or savings association under subparagraph (B) shall include consideration of the competence, experience, and integrity of the officers, directors, and principal shareholders of the company or association.”

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 102–242, § 211(2)(A), inserted after second sentence “Consideration of the managerial resources of a company or savings association shall include consideration of the competence, experience, and integrity of the officers, directors, and principal shareholders of the company or association.”

Subsec. (e)(2)(C), (D). Pub. L. 102–242, § 211(2)(B)–(D), added subpars. (C) and (D).

Subsec. (m)(1)(A). Pub. L. 102–242, § 437(b)(1), as added by Pub. L. 102–550, § 1606(f)(4)(B), substituted “65 percent” for “70 percent”.

Subsec. (m)(1)(B). Pub. L. 102–242, § 437(a), as amended by Pub. L. 102–550, § 1606(f)(4)(A), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “the savings association’s qualified thrift investments continue to equal or exceed 70 percent of the savings association’s portfolio assets, as measured by a daily or weekly average of such qualified thrift investments and such portfolio assets, for the 2-year period beginning on July 1, 1991, and for each 2-year period thereafter.”

Subsec. (m)(3)(D). Pub. L. 102–242, § 437(b)(2), as added by Pub. L. 102–550, § 1606(f)(4)(B), substituted “on a monthly average basis in 9 out of the preceding 12 months” for “for the preceding 2-year period”.

Subsec. (m)(4)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 102–242, § 438, substituted “20 percent” for “10 percent”.

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(ii). Pub. L. 102–242, § 439(1), added subcl. (VI).

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(iii)(VI). Pub. L. 102–242, § 440(a), substituted “10 percent” for “5 percent”.

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(iii)(VII). Pub. L. 102–242, § 439(2), added subcl. (VII).

Subsec. (m)(4)(C)(iv). Pub. L. 102–242, § 440(b), substituted “20 percent” for “15 percent”.

Subsec. (t). Pub. L. 102–242, § 502(a), added subsec. (t).

1989—Pub. L. 101–73, § 301, amended section generally, substituting subsecs. (a) to (r) relating to regulation of holding companies for former subsecs. (a) to (d) relating to thrift industry recovery regulations.

Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 101–73, § 907(k)(1), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which related to criminal penalties.

Subsec. (i)(2). Pub. L. 101–73, § 907(k)(1), (2), redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which related to penalties for making false entries.

Subsec. (i)(3), (4). Pub. L. 101–73, § 907(k)(2), (3), redesignated par. (4), relating to notice after separation from service, as (3) and amended par. (3) generally, substituting provisions relating to and penalties for provisions relating to notice after separation from service. Former par. (3) redesignated (2). See Codification note above.

Subsec. (i)(5). Pub. L. 101–73, § 905(j), added par. (5).

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 101–73, § 303(a), amended subsec. (m) generally, revising and restating as pars. (1) to (7) provisions of former pars. (1) to (6).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by section 369(8) of Pub. L. 111–203 effective on the transfer date, see section 351 of Pub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 906 of Title 2, The Congress.

Amendment by section 604(g), (h)(2), (i) of Pub. L. 111–203 effective on the transfer date, see section 604(j) of Pub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 1462 of this title.

Pub. L. 111–203, title VI, § 606(c), July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1607, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 1843 of this title] shall take effect on the transfer date.”

[For definition of “transfer date” as used in section 606(c) of Pub. L. 111–203, set out above, see section 5301 of this title.]

Pub. L. 111–203, title VI, § 616(e), July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1616, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting section 1831o–1 of this title and amending this section and sections 1844 and 3907 of this title] shall take effect on the transfer date.”

[For definition of “transfer date” as used in section 616(e) of Pub. L. 111–203, set out above, see section 5301 of this title.]

Amendment by sections 623(c), 624 of Pub. L. 111–203 effective 1 day after July 21, 2010, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 111–203, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5301 of this title.

Pub. L. 111–203, title VI, § 625(b), July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1638, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the transfer date.”

[For definition of “transfer date” as used in section 625(b) of Pub. L. 111–203, set out above, see section 5301 of this title.]

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–173 effective Mar. 31, 2006, see section 9(j) of Pub. L. 109–173, set out as a note under section 24 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–171 effective no later than the first day of the first calendar quarter that begins after the end of the 90-day period beginning Feb. 8, 2006, see section 2102(c) of Pub. L. 109–171, set out as a Merger of BIF and SAIF note under section 1821 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by section 2704(d)(12)(B) of Pub. L. 104–208 effective Jan. 1, 1999, if no insured depository institution is a savings association on that date, see section 2704(c) of Pub. L. 104–208, formerly set out as a note under section 1821 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–550 effective as if included in the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, Pub. L. 102–242, as of Dec. 19, 1991, see section 1609(a) of Pub. L. 102–550, set out as a note under section 191 of this title.

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–73, title III, § 303(b), Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 350, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on July 1, 1991.”

Amendment by section 301 of Pub. L. 101–73 relating to civil penalties applicable with respect to violations committed and activities engaged in after Aug. 9, 1989, except that the increased maximum civil penalties of $5,000 and $25,000 per violation or per day may apply to such violations or activities committed or engaged in before such date with respect to an institution if such violations or activities (1) are not already subject to a notice issued by the appropriate Federal banking agency or the Board (initiating an administrative proceeding); and (2) occurred after the completion of the last report of examination of the institution by the appropriate Federal banking agency (as defined in section 1813 of this title) occurring before Aug. 9, 1989, see section 305(c) of Pub. L. 101–73, set out as a note under section 1461 of this title.

Amendment by section 907(k) of Pub. L. 101–73 applicable to conduct engaged in after Aug. 9, 1989, except that increased maximum penalties of $5,000 and $25,000 may apply to conduct engaged in before such date if such conduct is not already subject to a notice issued by the appropriate agency and occurred after completion of the last report of the examination of the institution by the appropriate agency occurring before Aug. 9, 1989, see section 907(l) of Pub. L. 101–73, set out as a note under section 93 of this title.

Savings Provision

Pub. L. 101–73, title III, § 302, Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 343, as amended by Pub. L. 111–203, title III, § 367(2), July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1556, provided that: “Notwithstanding the amendment made by this title to section 10 of the Home Owners’ Loan Act [12 U.S.C. 1467a] and the repeal of section 416 of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1730i]—

“(1)
any plan approved by the Federal Home Loan Bank Board under such section 10 for any Federal savings association shall continue in effect as long as such association adheres to the plan and continues to submit to the Comptroller of the Currency regular and complete reports on the association’s progress in meeting the association’s goals under the plan; and
“(2)
any plan approved by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under such section 416 for any State savings association shall continue in effect as long as such association adheres to the plan and continues to submit to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation regular and complete reports on the association’s progress in meeting the savings association’s goals under the plan.”

Rule of Construction for Certain Applications

Pub. L. 106–102, title IV, § 401(c), Nov. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1436, provided that:

“(1)
In general.—
In the case of a company that—
“(A)
submits an application with the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 12, 1999] to convert a State-chartered trust company controlled by such company on May 4, 1999, to a savings association; and
“(B)
controlled a subsidiary on May 4, 1999, that had submitted an application to the Director on September 2, 1998;
the company (including any subsidiary controlled by such company as of such date of enactment [Nov. 12, 1999]) shall be treated as having filed such conversion application with the Director before May 4, 1999, for purposes of section 10(c)(9)(C) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act [12 U.S.C. 1467a(c)(9)(C)] (as added by subsection (a)).
“(2)
Definitions.—
For purposes of paragraph (1), the terms ‘company’, ‘control’, ‘savings association’, and ‘subsidiary’ have the meanings given those terms in section 10 of the Home Owners’ Loan Act.”

Associations That Have Previously Failed to Remain Qualified Thrift Lenders

Pub. L. 101–73, title III, § 303(c), Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 351, provided that: “If, as of June 30, 1991, any savings association is subject to any provision of section 10(m)(3) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act [12 U.S.C. 1467a(m)(3)] as in effect on that date, the amendment to this subsection made by section 303 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [Pub. L. 101–73], shall not be construed as reducing the period specified in section 10(m)(3) of such Act.”

Capital Recovery; Submission of Proposed Regulations to Congress; Effective Date; Study, Report, and Congressional Review

Pub. L. 100–86, title IV, § 404(c)–(e), Aug. 10, 1987, 101 Stat. 612, required the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation to each submit a report to Congress containing the proposed regulations required to be prescribed under 12 U.S.C. 1467a and 1730i of this title not later than the end of the 90-day period beginning on Aug. 10, 1987; required the regulations to be implemented not later than the end of the 150-day period beginning on Aug. 10, 1987; and required, not later than Jan. 31, 1989, a detailed evaluation of, and report the effectiveness of, the regulations in achieving an increased level of capitalization for thrift institutions.

Sunset and Savings Provision

Section ceases to be effective on date that notice of completion of all net new borrowing by Financing Corporation is published in Federal Register [Mar. 30, 1992, 57 F.R. 10763], with such termination not to be construed to affect or limit any authority of Federal Home Loan Bank Board or Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation to prescribe any regulation or engage in any activity with respect to any association or insured institution under any other provision of law, see section 416 of Pub. L. 100–86, set out as a note under section 1441 of this title.