United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Oct 03, 2023

§ 4651.
Definitions
In this chapter:
(1)
The term “appropriate committees of Congress” means—
(A)
the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
(B)
the Permanent Select committee 1
1
 So in original. Probably should be “Committee”.
on Intelligence, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Homeland Security, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives..2
2
 So in original.
(2)
The term “covered entity” means a nonprofit entity, a private entity, a consortium of private entities, or a consortium of nonprofit, public, and private entities with a demonstrated ability to substantially finance, construct, expand, or modernize a facility relating to fabrication, assembly, testing, advanced packaging, production, or research and development of semiconductors, materials used to manufacture semiconductors, or semiconductor manufacturing equipment.
(3)
The term “covered incentive”:
(A)
means an incentive offered by a governmental entity to a covered entity for the purposes of constructing within the jurisdiction of the governmental entity, or expanding or modernizing an existing facility within that jurisdiction, a facility described in paragraph (2); and
(B)
a workforce-related incentive (including a grant agreement relating to workforce training or vocational education), any concession with respect to real property, funding for research and development with respect to semiconductors, and any other incentive determined appropriate by the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State.
(4)
The term “person” includes an individual, partnership, association, corporation, organization, or any other combination of individuals.
(5)
The term “critical manufacturing industry”—
(A)
means an industry, industry group, or a set of related industries or related industry groups—
(i)
assigned a North American Industry Classification System code beginning with 31, 32, or 33; and
(ii)
for which the applicable industry group or groups in the North American Industry Classification System code cumulatively—
(I)
manufacture primary products and parts, the sum of which account for not less than 5 percent of the manufacturing value added by industry gross domestic product of the United States; and
(II)
employ individuals for primary products and parts manufacturing activities that, combined, account for not less than 5 percent of manufacturing employment in the United States; and
(B)
may include any other manufacturing industry designated by the Secretary based on the relevance of the manufacturing industry to the national and economic security of the United States, including the impacts of job losses.
(6)
The term “foreign entity”—
(A)
means—
(i)
a government of a foreign country and a foreign political party;
(ii)
a natural person who is not a lawful permanent resident of the United States, citizen of the United States, or any other protected individual (as such term is defined in section 1324b(a)(3) of title 8; or
(iii)
a partnership, association, corporation, organization, or other combination of persons organized under the laws of or having its principal place of business in a foreign country; and
(B)
includes—
(i)
any person owned by, controlled by, or subject to the jurisdiction or direction of a an entity listed in subparagraph (A);
(ii)
any person, wherever located, who acts as an agent, representative, or employee of an entity listed in subparagraph (A);
(iii)
any person who acts in any other capacity at the order, request, or under the direction or control, of an entity listed in subparagraph (A), or of a person whose activities are directly or indirectly supervised, directed, controlled, financed, or subsidized in whole or in majority part by an entity listed in subparagraph (A);
(iv)
any person who directly or indirectly through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise, owns 25 percent or more of the equity interests of an entity listed in subparagraph (A);
(v)
any person with significant responsibility to control, manage, or direct an entity listed in subparagraph (A);
(vi)
any person, wherever located, who is a citizen or resident of a country controlled by an entity listed in subparagraph (A); or
(vii)
any corporation, partnership, association, or other organization organized under the laws of a country controlled by an entity listed in subparagraph (A).
(7)
The term “foreign country of concern” means—
(A)
a country that is a covered nation (as defined in section 4872(d) of title 10); and
(B)
any country that the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, and the Director of National Intelligence, determines to be engaged in conduct that is detrimental to the national security or foreign policy of the United States.
(8)
The term “foreign entity of concern” means any foreign entity that is—
(A)
designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State under section 1189 of title 8;
(B)
included on the list of specially designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury;
(C)
owned by, controlled by, or subject to the jurisdiction or direction of a government of a foreign country that is listed in section 2533c 3
3
 See References in Text note below.
of title 10; or
(D)
alleged by the Attorney General to have been involved in activities for which a conviction was obtained under—
(i)
chapter 37 of title 18 (commonly known as the “Espionage Act”) (18 U.S.C. 792 [791] et seq.);
(ii)
section 951 or 1030 of title 18;
(iii)
chapter 90 of title 18 (commonly known as the “Economic Espionage Act of 1996”);
(iv)
the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.);
(v)
sections 2274, 2275, 2276, 2277, or 2284 of title 42;
(vi)
the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 4801 et seq.); or
(vii)
the International Economic Emergency Powers Act 3 (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); or
(E)
determined by the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence, to be engaged in unauthorized conduct that is detrimental to the national security or foreign policy of the United States under this chapter.
(9)
The term “governmental entity” means a State or local government.
(10)
The term “mature technology node” has the meaning given the term by the Secretary.
(11)
The term “nonprofit entity” means an entity described in section 501(c)(3) of title 26 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of title 26.
(12)
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce.
(13)
The term “semiconductor” has the meaning given that term by the Secretary.
(Pub. L. 116–283, div. H, title XCIX, § 9901, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4843; Pub. L. 117–167, div. A, § 103(a), Aug. 9, 2022, 136 Stat. 1379.)
cite as: 15 USC 4651