United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Oct 02, 2023
Loans for plant acquisition, construction, conversion and expansion
The Administration may, in addition to its authority under section 695 of this title, make loans for plant acquisition, construction, conversion or expansion, including the acquisition of land, to State and local development companies, and such loans may be made or effected either directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on an immediate or deferred basis: Provided, however, That the foregoing powers shall be subject to the following restrictions and limitations:
The proceeds of any such loan shall be used solely by the borrower to assist 1 or more identifiable small business concerns and for a sound business purpose approved by the Administration.
Loans made by the Administration under this section shall be limited to—
$5,000,000 for each small business concern if the loan proceeds will not be directed toward a goal or project described in clause (ii), (iii), (iv), or (v);
$5,000,000 for each small business concern if the loan proceeds will be directed toward 1 or more of the public policy goals described under section 695(d)(3) of this title;
$5,500,000 for each project of a small manufacturer;
$5,500,000 for each project that reduces the borrower’s energy consumption by at least 10 percent; and
$5,500,000 for each project that generates renewable energy or renewable fuels, such as biodiesel or ethanol production.
As used in this paragraph, the term “small manufacturer” means a small business concern—
the primary business of which is classified in sector 31, 32, or 33 of the North American Industrial Classification System; and
all of the production facilities of which are located in the United States.
Any development company assisted under this section or section 697 of this title must meet the criteria established by the Administration, including the extent of participation to be required or amount of paid-in capital to be used in each instance as is determined to be reasonable by the Administration.
Community injection funds may be derived, in whole or in part, from—
State or local governments;
banks or other financial institutions;
foundations or other not-for-profit institutions; or
the small business concern (or its owners, stockholders, or affiliates) receiving assistance through a body authorized by this subchapter.
Not less than 50 percent of the total cost of any project financed pursuant to clauses 1
(i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (C) shall come from the institutions described in subclauses (I), (II), and (III) of clause (i).
1So in original. Probably should be “clause”.
The small business concern (or its owners, stockholders, or affiliates) receiving assistance through a body authorized by this subchapter shall provide—
at least 15 percent of the total cost of the project financed, if the small business concern has been in operation for a period of 2 years or less;
at least 15 percent of the total cost of the project financed if the project involves the construction of a limited or single purpose building or structure;
at least 20 percent of the total cost of the project financed if the project involves both of the conditions set forth in clauses (i) and (ii); or
at least 10 percent of the total cost of the project financed, in all other circumstances, at the discretion of the development company.
Seller-provided financing may be used to meet the requirements of subparagraph (B), if the seller subordinates the interest of the seller in the property to the debenture guaranteed by the Administration.
The collateral provided by the small business concern shall generally include a subordinate lien position on the property being financed under this subchapter, and is only 1 of the factors to be evaluated in the credit determination. Additional collateral shall be required only if the Administration determines, on a case-by-case basis, that additional security is necessary to protect the interest of the Government.
With respect to commercial real property provided by the small business concern as collateral, an appraisal of the property by a State licensed or certified appraiser—
shall be required by the Administration before disbursement of the loan if the estimated value of that property is more than the Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold; or
may be required by the Administration or the lender before disbursement of the loan if the estimated value of that property is equal to or less than the Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold, and such appraisal is necessary for appropriate evaluation of creditworthiness.
Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold defined.—
For purposes of this clause, the term “Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold” means the lesser of the threshold amounts set by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for when a federally related transaction that is a commercial real estate transaction requires an appraisal prepared by a State licensed or certified appraiser.
If the project is to construct a new facility, up to 33 per centum of the total project may be leased, if reasonable projections of growth demonstrate that the assisted small business concern will need additional space within three years and will fully utilize such additional space within ten years.
In addition to any portion of the project permitted to be leased under paragraph (4), not to exceed 20 percent of the project may be leased by the assisted small business to 1 or more other tenants, if the assisted small business occupies permanently and uses not less than a total of 60 percent of the space in the project after the execution of any leases authorized under this section.
Ownership requirements to determine the eligibility of a small business concern that applies for assistance under any credit program under this subchapter shall be determined without regard to any ownership interest of a spouse arising solely from the application of the community property laws of a State for purposes of determining marital interests.
Any financing approved under this subchapter may include a limited amount of debt refinancing.
If the project involves expansion of a small business concern, any amount of existing indebtedness that does not exceed 100 percent of the project cost of the expansion may be refinanced and added to the expansion cost, if—
the proceeds of the indebtedness were used to acquire land, including a building situated thereon, to construct a building thereon, or to purchase equipment;
the existing indebtedness is collateralized by fixed assets;
the existing indebtedness was incurred for the benefit of the small business concern;
the financing under this subchapter will be used only for refinancing existing indebtedness or costs relating to the project financed under this subchapter;
the financing under this subchapter will provide a substantial benefit to the borrower when prepayment penalties, financing fees, and other financing costs are accounted for;
the borrower has been current on all payments due on the existing debt for not less than 1 year preceding the date of refinancing; and
the financing under section 697a of this title will provide better terms or rate of interest than the existing indebtedness at the time of refinancing.
In this subparagraph—
the term “borrower” means a small business concern that submits an application to a development company for financing under this subparagraph;
the term “eligible fixed asset” means tangible property relating to which the Administrator may provide financing under this section; and
the term “qualified debt” means indebtedness—
that was incurred not less than 6 months before the date of the application for assistance under this subparagraph;
that is a commercial loan;
the proceeds of which were used to acquire an eligible fixed asset;
that was incurred for the benefit of the small business concern; and
that is collateralized by eligible fixed assets.
A project that does not involve the expansion of a small business concern may include the refinancing of qualified debt if—
the amount of the financing is not more than 90 percent of the value of the collateral for the financing, except that, if the appraised value of the eligible fixed assets serving as collateral for the financing is less than the amount equal to 125 percent of the amount of the financing, the borrower may provide additional cash or other collateral to eliminate any deficiency;
the borrower has been in operation for all of the 2-year period ending on the date the loan application is submitted; and
for a financing for which the Administrator determines there will be an additional cost attributable to the refinancing of the qualified debt, the borrower agrees to pay a fee in an amount equal to the anticipated additional cost.
The Administrator may provide financing to a borrower that receives financing that includes a refinancing of qualified debt under clause (ii), in addition to the refinancing under clause (ii), to be used solely for the payment of business expenses.
An application for financing under subclause (I) shall include—
a specific description of the expenses for which the additional financing is requested; and
an itemization of the amount of each expense.
A borrower may not use any part of the financing under this clause for non-business purposes.
The Administrator may provide financing under this subparagraph for a borrower that meets the job creation goals under subsection (d) or (e) of section 695 of this title.
The Administrator may provide financing under this subparagraph to a borrower that does not meet the goals described in item (aa) in an amount that is not more than the product obtained by multiplying the number of employees of the borrower by $75,000.
For purposes of subclause (I), the number of employees of a borrower is equal to the sum of—
the number of full-time employees of the borrower on the date on which the borrower applies for a loan under this subparagraph; and
the product obtained by multiplying—
the number of part-time employees of the borrower on the date on which the borrower applies for a loan under this subparagraph, by
the quotient obtained by dividing the average number of hours each part time employee of the borrower works each week by 40.
The Administrator may provide not more than a total of $7,500,000,000 of financing under this subparagraph for each fiscal year.
(Pub. L. 85–699, title V, § 502,
Aug. 21, 1958, 72 Stat. 697; Pub. L. 87–27, § 26, May 1, 1961, 75 Stat. 63; Pub. L. 87–341, § 10, Oct. 3, 1961, 75 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 94–305, title I, §§ 108(a), 110, June 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 666, 667; Pub. L. 95–507, title I, § 112, Oct. 24, 1978, 92 Stat. 1760; Pub. L. 97–35, title XIX, § 1909, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 778; Pub. L. 100–418, title VIII, § 8007(b), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1561; Pub. L. 100–590, title I, § 116(a), (b)(1), Nov. 3, 1988, 102 Stat. 2997, 2998; Pub. L. 101–574, title II, § 214(c), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2822; Pub. L. 104–208, div. D, title II, § 202(a), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–734; Pub. L. 105–135, title II, § 221, Dec. 2, 1997, 111 Stat. 2603; Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(9) [title II, § 208(b), title III, § 303, title VIII, § 802(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–683, 2763A–684, 2763A–702; Pub. L. 108–447, div. K, title I, § 104, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3444; Pub. L. 110–140, title XII, § 1204(b), Dec. 19, 2007, 121 Stat. 1772; Pub. L. 111–5, div. A, title V, § 504(a), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 155; Pub. L. 111–240, title I, §§ 1112, 1122, Sept. 27, 2010, 124 Stat. 2508, 2510; Pub. L. 115–371, § 2, Dec. 21, 2018, 132 Stat. 5106; Pub. L. 116–260, div. N, title III, § 328(a)(2), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2038.)
cite as: 15 USC 696