United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jul 14, 2024

§ 2104.
Forest health protection
(a)
In general
The Secretary may protect trees and forests and wood products, stored wood, and wood in use directly on the National Forest System and, in cooperation with others, on other lands in the United States, from natural and man-made causes, to—
(1)
enhance the growth and maintenance of trees and forests;
(2)
promote the stability of forest-related industries and employment associated therewith through the protection of forest resources;
(3)
aid in forest fire prevention and control;
(4)
conserve forest cover on watersheds, shelterbelts, and windbreaks;
(5)
protect outdoor recreation opportunities and other forest resources; and
(6)
extend timber supplies by protecting wood products, stored wood, and wood in use.
(b)
Activities
Subject to subsections (c), (d), and (e) and to such other conditions the Secretary may prescribe, the Secretary may, directly on the National Forest System, in cooperation with other Federal departments on other Federal lands, and in cooperation with State foresters, or equivalent State officials, subdivisions of States, agencies, institutions, organizations, or individuals on non-Federal lands—
(1)
conduct surveys to detect and appraise insect infestations and disease conditions and man-made stresses affecting trees and establish a monitoring system throughout the forests of the United States to determine detrimental changes or improvements that occur over time, and report annually concerning such surveys and monitoring;
(2)
determine the biological, chemical, and mechanical measures necessary to prevent, retard, control, or suppress incipient, potential, threatening, or emergency insect infestations and disease conditions affecting trees;
(3)
plan, organize, direct, and perform measures the Secretary determines necessary to prevent, retard, control, or suppress incipient, potential, threatening, or emergency insect infestations and disease epidemics affecting trees;
(4)
(5)
develop applied technology and conduct pilot tests of research results prior to the full-scale application of such technology in affected forests;
(6)
promote the implementation of appropriate silvicultural or management techniques that may improve or protect the health of the forests of the United States; and
(7)
take any other actions the Secretary determines necessary to accomplish the objectives and purposes of this section.
(c)
Consent of entity

Operations under this section to prevent, retard, control, or suppress insects or diseases affecting forests and trees on land not controlled or administered by the Secretary shall not be conducted without the consent, cooperation, and participation of the entity having ownership of or jurisdiction over the affected land.

(d)
Contribution by entity

No money appropriated to implement this section shall be expended to prevent, retard, control, or suppress insects or diseases affecting trees on non-Federal land until the entity having ownership of or jurisdiction over the affected land contributes, or agrees to contribute, to the work to be done in the amount and in the manner determined appropriate by the Secretary.

(e)
Allotments to other agencies

The Secretary may, in the Secretary’s discretion, and out of any money appropriated to implement this section, make allocations to Federal agencies having jurisdiction over lands held or owned by the United States in the amounts the Secretary determines necessary to prevent, retard, control, or suppress insect infestations and disease epidemics affecting trees on those lands.

(f)
Limitation on use of appropriations
(1)
Removing dead trees
No amounts appropriated shall be used to—
(A)
pay the cost of felling and removing dead or dying trees unless the Secretary determines that such actions are necessary to prevent the spread of a major insect infestation or disease epidemic severely affecting trees; or
(B)
compensate for the value of any property injured, damaged, or destroyed by any cause.
(2)
Insects and diseases affecting trees

The Secretary may procure materials and equipment necessary to prevent, retard, control, or suppress insects and diseases affecting trees without regard to section 6101 of title 41, under whatever procedures the Secretary may prescribe, if the Secretary determines that such action is necessary and in the public interest.

(g)
Partnerships

The Secretary, by contract or cooperative agreement, may provide financial assistance through the Forest Service to State foresters or equivalent State officials, and private forestry and other organizations, to monitor forest health and protect the forest lands of the United States. The Secretary shall require contribution by the non-Federal entity in the amount and in the manner determined appropriate. Such non-Federal share may be in the form of cash, services, or equipment, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

(h)
Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as may be necessary to carry out subsections (a) through (g).

(i)
Integrated pest management
(1)
In general
Subject to the provisions of subsections (c) and (e), the Secretary shall, in cooperation with State foresters or equivalent State officials, subdivisions of States, or other entities on non-Federal lands (hereafter in this subsection referred to as the “cooperator”)—
(A)
provide cost-share assistance to such cooperators who have established an acceptable integrated pest management strategy, as determined by the Secretary, that will prevent, retard, control, or suppress gypsy moth, southern pine beetle, spruce budworm infestations, or other major insect infestations in an amount no less than 50 percent nor greater than 75 percent of the cost of implementing such strategy; and
(B)
upon request, assist the cooperator in the development of such integrated pest management strategy.
(2)
Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated annually $10,000,000 to implement this subsection.

(Pub. L. 95–313, § 8, formerly § 5, July 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 368; renumbered § 8 and amended Pub. L. 101–624, title XII, §§ 1215(1), 1218, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3525, 3531.)
cite as: 16 USC 2104