United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Dec 04, 2023
Patent Trial and Appeal Board
There shall be in the Office a Patent Trial and Appeal Board. The Director, the Deputy Director, the Commissioner for Patents, the Commissioner for Trademarks, and the administrative patent judges shall constitute the Patent Trial and Appeal Board. The administrative patent judges shall be persons of competent legal knowledge and scientific ability who are appointed by the Secretary, in consultation with the Director. Any reference in any Federal law, Executive order, rule, regulation, or delegation of authority, or any document of or pertaining to the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences is deemed to refer to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
The Patent Trial and Appeal Board shall—
on written appeal of an applicant, review adverse decisions of examiners upon applications for patents pursuant to section 134(a);
review appeals of reexaminations pursuant to section 134(b);
conduct derivation proceedings pursuant to section 135; and
conduct inter partes reviews and post-grant reviews pursuant to chapters 31 and 32.
Each appeal, derivation proceeding, post-grant review, and inter partes review shall be heard by at least 3 members of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, who shall be designated by the Director. Only the Patent Trial and Appeal Board may grant rehearings.
The Secretary of Commerce may, in the Secretary’s discretion, deem the appointment of an administrative patent judge who, before the date of the enactment of this subsection, held office pursuant to an appointment by the Director to take effect on the date on which the Director initially appointed the administrative patent judge. It shall be a defense to a challenge to the appointment of an administrative patent judge on the basis of the judge’s having been originally appointed by the Director that the administrative patent judge so appointed was acting as a de facto officer.
(Added Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(9) [title IV, § 4717(2)],
Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–580; amended Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title III, § 13203(a)(2), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1902; Pub. L. 110–313, § 1(a)(1), Aug. 12, 2008, 122 Stat. 3014; Pub. L. 112–29, § 7(a)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 313.)
cite as: 35 USC 6