United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jul 17, 2024

§ 6301.
Authorization requirement
(a)
In General.—
A contract or purchase on behalf of the Federal Government shall not be made unless the contract or purchase is authorized by law or is under an appropriation adequate to its fulfillment.
(b)
Exception.—
(1)
Definition.—
In this subsection, the term “defined Secretary” means—
(A)
the Secretary of Defense; or
(B)
the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2)
In general.—
Subsection (a) does not apply to a contract or purchase made by a defined Secretary for clothing, subsistence, forage, fuel, quarters, transportation, or medical and hospital supplies.
(3)
Current year limitation.—
(4)
Reports.—
The defined Secretary shall immediately advise Congress when authority is exercised under this subsection. The defined Secretary shall report quarterly on the estimated obligations incurred pursuant to the authority granted in this subsection.
(c)
Special Rule for Purchase of Land.—
Land may not be purchased by the Federal Government unless the purchase is authorized by law.
(Pub. L. 111–350, § 3, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3803; Pub. L. 111–281, title IX, § 903(a)(4), Oct. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 3010.)
cite as: 41 USC 6301