United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 19, 2024

§ 32101.
Definitions
In this part (except chapter 329 and except as provided in section 33101)—
(1)
“bumper standard” means a minimum performance standard that substantially reduces—
(A)
the damage to the front or rear end of a passenger motor vehicle from a low-speed collision (including a collision with a fixed barrier) or from towing the vehicle; or
(B)
the cost of repairing the damage.
(2)
“insurer” means a person in the business of issuing, or reinsuring any part of, a passenger motor vehicle insurance policy.
(3)
“interstate commerce” means commerce between a place in a State and—
(A)
a place in another State; or
(B)
another place in the same State through another State.
(4)
“make”, when describing a passenger motor vehicle, means the trade name of the manufacturer of the vehicle.
(5)
“manufacturer” means a person—
(A)
manufacturing or assembling passenger motor vehicles or passenger motor vehicle equipment; or
(B)
importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for resale.
(6)
“model”, when describing a passenger motor vehicle, means a category of passenger motor vehicles based on the size, style, and type of a make of vehicle.
(7)
“motor vehicle” means a vehicle driven or drawn by mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways, but does not include a vehicle operated only on a rail line.
(8)
“motor vehicle accident” means an accident resulting from the maintenance or operation of a passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle equipment.
(9)
“multipurpose passenger vehicle” means a passenger motor vehicle constructed on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.
(10)
“passenger motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle with motive power designed to carry not more than 12 individuals, but does not include—
(A)
a motorcycle; or
(B)
a truck not designed primarily to carry its operator or passengers.
(11)
“passenger motor vehicle equipment” means—
(A)
a system, part, or component of a passenger motor vehicle as originally made;
(B)
a similar part or component made or sold for replacement or improvement of a system, part, or component, or as an accessory or addition to a passenger motor vehicle; or
(C)
a device made or sold for use in towing a passenger motor vehicle.
(12)
“State” means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.
(13)
“United States district court” means a district court of the United States, a United States court for Guam, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, and the district court for the Northern Mariana Islands.
(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1034; Pub. L. 103–429, § 6(27), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380.)
cite as: 49 USC 32101