United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Feb 03, 2023
An employee paid on an annual basis, and occupying a permanent position within the scope of the General Schedule, who has not reached the maximum rate of pay for the grade in which his position is placed, shall be advanced in pay successively to the next higher rate within the grade at the beginning of the next pay period following the completion of—
each 52 calendar weeks of service in pay rates 1, 2, and 3;
each 104 calendar weeks of service in pay rates 4, 5, and 6; or
each 156 calendar weeks of service in pay rates 7, 8, and 9;
subject to the following conditions:
the employee did not receive an equivalent increase in pay from any cause during that period; and
the work of the employee is of an acceptable level of competence as determined by the head of the agency.
Under regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, the benefit of successive step-increases shall be preserved for employees whose continuous service is interrupted in the public interest by service with the armed forces or by service in essential non-Government civilian employment during a period of war or national emergency.
When a determination is made under subsection (a) of this section that the work of an employee is not of an acceptable level of competence, the employee is entitled to prompt written notice of that determination and an opportunity for reconsideration of the determination within his agency under uniform procedures prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management. If the determination is affirmed on reconsideration, the employee is entitled to appeal to the Merit Systems Protection Board. If the reconsideration or appeal results in a reversal of the earlier determination, the new determination supersedes the earlier determination and is deemed to have been made as of the date of the earlier determination. The authority of the Office to prescribe procedures and the entitlement of the employee to appeal to the Board do not apply to a determination of acceptable level of competence made by the Librarian of Congress.
An increase in pay granted by statute is not an equivalent increase in pay within the meaning of subsection (a) of this section.
This section does not apply to the pay of an individual appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
In computing periods of service under subsection (a) in the case of an employee who moves without a break in service of more than 3 days from a position under a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard described in section 2105(c) to a position under the Department of Defense or the Coast Guard, respectively, that is subject to this subchapter, service under such instrumentality shall, under regulations prescribed by the Office, be deemed service in a position subject to this subchapter.
(Pub. L. 89–554,
Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 469; Pub. L. 90–83, § 1(20), Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 199; Pub. L. 95–251, § 2(a)(1), Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 183; Pub. L. 95–454, title V, § 503(g), title IX, § 906(a)(2), (8), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1184, 1224, 1225; Pub. L. 96–54, § 2(a)(28), Aug. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 383; Pub. L. 98–615, title II, §§ 203, 204(a)(1), Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3216; Pub. L. 101–508, title VII, § 7202(e), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–336; Pub. L. 101–509, title V, § 529 [title I, § 104(d)(2)], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1427, 1447; Pub. L. 103–89, § 3(b)(1)(H), Sept. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 982.)
cite as: 5 USC 5335