United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Apr 15, 2024

§ 9501.
Definitions
In this chapter:
(1)
Agency

The term “Agency” means the Minority Business Development Agency of the Department of Commerce.

(2)
Community-based organization

The term “community-based organization” has the meaning given the term in section 7801 of title 20.

(3)
Eligible entity
Except as otherwise expressly provided, the term “eligible entity”—
(A)
means—
(i)
a private sector entity;
(ii)
a public sector entity; or
(iii)
a Native entity; and
(B)
includes an institution of higher education.
(4)
Federal agency

The term “Federal agency” has the meaning given the term “agency” in section 551 of title 5.

(5)
Federally recognized area of economic distress
The term “federally recognized area of economic distress” means—
(A)
a HUBZone, as that term is defined in section 657a(b) of this title;
(B)
an area that—
(i)
has been designated as—
(I)
an empowerment zone under section 1391 of title 26; or
(II)
a Promise Zone by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; or
(ii)
is a low or moderate income area, as determined by the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
(C)
a qualified opportunity zone, as that term is defined in section 1400Z–1 of title 26; or
(D)
any other political subdivision or unincorporated area of a State determined by the Under Secretary to be an area of economic distress.
(6)
Institution of higher education

The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given the term in section 1001 of title 20.

(7)
MBDA Business Center
The term “MBDA Business Center” means a business center that—
(A)
is established by the Agency; and
(B)
provides technical business assistance to minority business enterprises consistent with the requirements of this chapter.
(8)
MBDA Business Center agreement
The term “MBDA Business Center agreement” means a legal instrument—
(A)
reflecting a relationship between the Agency and the recipient of a Federal assistance award that is the subject of the instrument; and
(B)
that establishes the terms by which the recipient described in subparagraph (A) shall operate an MBDA Business Center.
(9)
Minority business enterprise
(A)
In general
The term “minority business enterprise” means a business enterprise—
(i)
that is not less than 51 percent-owned by 1 or more socially or economically disadvantaged individuals; and
(ii)
the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by 1 or more socially or economically disadvantaged individuals.
(B)
Rule of construction
Nothing in subparagraph (A) may be construed to exclude a business enterprise from qualifying as a “minority business enterprise” under that subparagraph because of—
(i)
the status of the business enterprise as a for-profit or not-for-profit enterprise; or
(ii)
the annual revenue of the business enterprise.
(10)
Native entity
The term “Native entity” means—
(A)
a Tribal Government;
(B)
an Alaska Native village or Regional or Village Corporation, as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.);
(C)
a Native Hawaiian organization, as that term is defined in section 7517 of title 20;
(D)
the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands; and
(E)
the Office of Hawaiian Affairs.
(11)
Private sector entity
The term “private sector entity”—
(A)
means an entity that is not a public sector entity; and
(B)
does not include—
(i)
the Federal Government;
(ii)
any Federal agency; or
(iii)
any instrumentality of the Federal Government.
(12)
Public sector entity
The term “public sector entity” means—
(A)
a State;
(B)
an agency of a State;
(C)
a political subdivision of a State;
(D)
an agency of a political subdivision of a State; or
(E)
a Native entity.
(13)
Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce.

(14)
Socially or economically disadvantaged business concern
The term “socially or economically disadvantaged business concern” means a for-profit business enterprise—
(A)
(i)
that is not less than 51 percent owned by 1 or more socially or economically disadvantaged individuals; or
(ii)
that is socially or economically disadvantaged; or
(B)
the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by 1 or more socially or economically disadvantaged individuals.
(15)
Socially or economically disadvantaged individual
(A)
In general

The term “socially or economically disadvantaged individual” means an individual who has been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias (or the ability of whom to compete in the free enterprise system has been impaired due to diminished capital and credit opportunities, as compared to others in the same line of business and competitive market area) because of the identity of the individual as a member of a group, without regard to any individual quality of the individual that is unrelated to that identity.

(B)
Presumption
In carrying out this chapter, the Under Secretary shall presume that the term “socially or economically disadvantaged individual” includes any individual who is—
(i)
Black or African American;
(ii)
Hispanic or Latino;
(iii)
American Indian or Alaska Native;
(iv)
Asian;
(v)
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander; or
(vi)
a member of a group that the Agency determines under part 1400 of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on November 23, 1984, is a socially disadvantaged group eligible to receive assistance.
(16)
Specialty center
The term “specialty center” means an MBDA Business Center that provides specialty services focusing on specific business needs, including assistance relating to—
(A)
capital access;
(B)
Federal procurement;
(C)
entrepreneurship;
(D)
technology transfer; or
(E)
any other area determined necessary or appropriate based on the priorities of the Agency.
(17)
State
The term “State” means—
(A)
each of the States of the United States;
(B)
the District of Columbia;
(C)
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
(D)
the United States Virgin Islands;
(E)
Guam;
(F)
American Samoa;
(G)
the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; and
(H)
each Tribal Government.
(18)
Tribal Government

The term “Tribal Government” means the recognized governing body of any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, nation, pueblo, village, community, component band, or component reservation, individually identified (including parenthetically) in the list published most recently as of November 15, 2021, pursuant to section 5131 of title 25.

(19)
Under Secretary

The term “Under Secretary” means the Under Secretary of Commerce for Minority Business Development, who is appointed as described in section ___3(b) 1

1
 So in original. See References in Text note below.
to administer this chapter.

(Pub. L. 117–58, div. K, § 100002, Nov. 15, 2021, 135 Stat. 1445.)
cite as: 15 USC 9501