United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Aug 08, 2022

§ 879.
Threats against former Presidents and certain other persons
(a)
Whoever knowingly and willfully threatens to kill, kidnap, or inflict bodily harm upon—
(1)
a former President or a member of the immediate family of a former President;
(2)
a member of the immediate family of the President, the President-elect, the Vice President, or the Vice President-elect;
(3)
a major candidate for the office of President or Vice President, or a member of the immediate family of such candidate; or
(4)
a person protected by the Secret Service under section 3056(a)(6);
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
(b)
As used in this section—
(1)
the term “immediate family” means—
(A)
with respect to subsection (a)(1) of this section, the wife of a former President during his lifetime, the widow of a former President until her death or remarriage, and minor children of a former President until they reach sixteen years of age; and
(B)
with respect to subsection (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this section, a person to whom the President, President-elect, Vice President, Vice President-elect, or major candidate for the office of President or Vice President—
(i)
is related by blood, marriage, or adoption; or
(ii)
stands in loco parentis;
(2)
the term “major candidate for the office of President or Vice President” means a candidate referred to in subsection (a)(7) of section 3056 of this title; and
(3)
the terms “President-elect” and “Vice President-elect” have the meanings given those terms in section 871(b) of this title.
(Added Pub. L. 97–297, § 1(a), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1317; amended Pub. L. 98–587, § 3(a), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3111; Pub. L. 103–322, title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L. 106–544, § 2(a), (b)(1), Dec. 19, 2000, 114 Stat. 2715.)
cite as: 18 USC 879