United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Aug 18, 2022

§ 5107.
Hazmat employee training requirements and grants
(a)
Training Requirements.—
The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation requirements for training that a hazmat employer must give hazmat employees of the employer on the safe loading, unloading, handling, storing, and transporting of hazardous material and emergency preparedness for responding to an accident or incident involving the transportation of hazardous material. The regulations—
(1)
shall establish the date, as provided by subsection (b) of this section, by which the training shall be completed; and
(2)
may provide for different training for different classes or categories of hazardous material and hazmat employees.
(b)
Beginning and Completing Training.—
A hazmat employer shall begin the training of hazmat employees of the employer not later than 6 months after the Secretary prescribes the regulations under subsection (a) of this section. The training shall be completed within a reasonable period of time after—
(1)
6 months after the regulations are prescribed; or
(2)
the date on which an individual is to begin carrying out a duty or power of a hazmat employee if the individual is employed as a hazmat employee after the 6-month period.
(c)
Certification of Training.—
After completing the training, each hazmat employer shall certify, with documentation the Secretary may require by regulation, that the hazmat employees of the employer have received training and have been tested on appropriate transportation areas of responsibility, including at least one of the following:
(1)
recognizing and understanding the Department of Transportation hazardous material classification system.
(2)
the use and limitations of the Department hazardous material placarding, labeling, and marking systems.
(3)
general handling procedures, loading and unloading techniques, and strategies to reduce the probability of release or damage during or incidental to transporting hazardous material.
(4)
health, safety, and risk factors associated with hazardous material and the transportation of hazardous material.
(5)
appropriate emergency response and communication procedures for dealing with an accident or incident involving hazardous material transportation.
(6)
the use of the Department Emergency Response Guidebook and recognition of its limitations or the use of equivalent documents and recognition of the limitations of those documents.
(7)
applicable hazardous material transportation regulations.
(8)
personal protection techniques.
(9)
preparing a shipping document for transporting hazardous material.
(d)
Coordination of Training Requirements.—
In consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary shall ensure that the training requirements prescribed under this section do not conflict with or duplicate—
(1)
the requirements of regulations the Secretary of Labor prescribes related to hazard communication, and hazardous waste operations, and emergency response that are contained in part 1910 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations; and
(2)
the regulations the Agency prescribes related to worker protection standards for hazardous waste operations that are contained in part 311 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations.
(e)
Training Grants.—
(1)
In general.—
Subject to the availability of funds under section 5128(c), the Secretary shall make grants under this subsection—
(A)
for training instructors to train hazmat employees; and
(B)
to the extent determined appropriate by the Secretary, for such instructors to train hazmat employees.
(2)
Eligibility.—
A grant under this subsection shall be made through a competitive process to a nonprofit organization that demonstrates—
(A)
expertise in conducting a training program for hazmat employees; and
(B)
the ability to reach and involve in a training program a target population of hazmat employees.
(f)
Training of Certain Employees.—
The Secretary shall ensure that maintenance-of-way employees and railroad signalmen receive general awareness and familiarization training and safety training pursuant to section 172.704 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
(g)
Relationship to Other Laws.—
(1)
Chapter 35 of title 44 does not apply to an activity of the Secretary under subsections (a)–(d) of this section.
(2)
An action of the Secretary under subsections (a)–(d) of this section and section 5106 is not an exercise, under section 4(b)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653(b)(1)), of statutory authority to prescribe or enforce standards or regulations affecting occupational safety or health.
(h)
Existing Effort.—
No grant under subsection (e) shall supplant or replace existing employer-provided hazardous materials training efforts or obligations.
(i)
Community Safety Grants.—
The Secretary shall establish a competitive program for making grants to nonprofit organizations for—
(1)
conducting national outreach and training programs to assist communities in preparing for and responding to accidents and incidents involving the transportation of hazardous materials, including Class 3 flammable liquids by rail; and
(2)
training State and local personnel responsible for enforcing the safe transportation of hazardous materials, including Class 3 flammable liquids.
(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(d), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 763; Pub. L. 103–311, title I, §§ 106, 119(c)(1)–(3), Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat. 1674, 1680; Pub. L. 109–59, title VII, §§ 7108, 7126, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1897, 1909; Pub. L. 112–141, div. C, title III, § 33016, July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 841; Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title VII, § 7301, Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1594.)
cite as: 49 USC 5107