United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Jun 08, 2023
Effective periods of registration
Any person having authority to provide transportation or service as a motor carrier, freight forwarder, or broker under this title, as in effect on
December 31, 1995, shall be deemed, for purposes of this part, to be registered to provide such transportation or service under this part.
Except as provided in paragraph (2), any person having registered with the Secretary to provide transportation or service as a motor carrier or motor private carrier under this title, as in effect on
January 1, 2005, but not having registered pursuant to section 13902(a), shall be treated, for purposes of this part, to be registered to provide such transportation or service for purposes of sections 13908 and 14504a.
Paragraph (1) does not apply to a motor carrier or motor private carrier (including a transporter of waste or recyclable materials) engaged exclusively in intrastate transportation operations.
Except as otherwise provided in this part, each registration issued under section 13902, 13903, or 13904—
shall be effective beginning on the date specified by the Secretary; and
shall remain in effect for such period as the Secretary determines appropriate by regulation.
Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Enhancement Act of 2012, the Secretary shall require a freight forwarder or broker to renew its registration issued under this chapter.
Each registration renewal under subparagraph (A)—
shall expire not later than 5 years after the date of such renewal; and
may be further renewed as provided under this chapter.
On application of the registrant, the Secretary may amend or revoke a registration.
On complaint or on the Secretary’s own initiative and after notice and an opportunity for a proceeding, the Secretary may—
suspend, amend, or revoke any part of the registration of a motor carrier, foreign motor carrier, foreign motor private carrier, broker, or freight forwarder for willful failure to comply with—
an applicable regulation or order of the Secretary or the Board, including the accessibility requirements established by the Secretary under subpart H of part 37 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), for transportation provided by an over-the-road bus; or
a condition of its registration;
withhold, suspend, amend, or revoke any part of the registration of a motor carrier, foreign motor carrier, foreign motor private carrier, broker, or freight forwarder for failure—
to pay a civil penalty imposed under chapter 5, 51, 149, or 311;
to arrange and abide by an acceptable payment plan for such civil penalty, not later than 90 days after the date specified by order of the Secretary for the payment of such penalty; or
for failure 1
to obey a subpoena issued by the Secretary;
1So in original. The words “for failure” probably should not appear.
withhold, suspend, amend, or revoke any part of a registration of a motor carrier, foreign motor carrier, foreign motor private carrier, broker, or freight forwarder following a determination by the Secretary that the motor carrier, broker, or freight forwarder failed to disclose, in its application for registration, a material fact relevant to its willingness and ability to comply with—
an applicable regulation or order of the Secretary or the Board; or
a condition of its registration; or
withhold, suspend, amend, or revoke any part of a registration of a motor carrier, foreign motor carrier, foreign motor private carrier, broker, or freight forwarder if the Secretary finds that the motor carrier, broker, or freight forwarder does not disclose any relationship through common ownership, common management, common control, or common familial relationship to any other motor carrier, broker, or freight forwarder, or any other applicant for motor carrier, broker, or freight forwarder registration that the Secretary determines is or was unwilling or unable to comply with the relevant requirements listed in section 13902, 13903, or 13904.
Paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply to a person who is unable to pay a civil penalty because the person is a debtor in a case under chapter 11 of title 11.
Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary, after notice and opportunity for public comment, shall issue regulations to provide for the suspension, amendment, or revocation of a registration under this part for failure to pay a civil penalty as provided in paragraph (2)(B).
Except on application of the registrant, or if the Secretary determines that the registrant failed to disclose a material fact in an application for registration in accordance with subsection (d)(2)(C), the Secretary may revoke a registration of a motor carrier, freight forwarder, or broker, only after—
the Secretary has issued an order to the registrant under section 14701 requiring compliance with this part, a regulation of the Secretary, or a condition of the registration; and
the registrant willfully does not comply with the order for a period of 30 days.
Notwithstanding subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, the Secretary—
may suspend the registration of a motor carrier, a freight forwarder, or a broker for failure to comply with requirements of the Secretary pursuant to section 13904(e) or 13906 or an order or regulation of the Secretary prescribed under those sections; and
shall revoke the registration of a motor carrier that has been prohibited from operating in interstate commerce for failure to comply with the safety fitness requirements of section 31144.
Notwithstanding subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, the Secretary shall revoke the registration of a motor carrier if the Secretary finds that the carrier is or was conducting unsafe operations that are or were an imminent hazard to public health or property.
The Secretary may suspend or revoke under this subsection the registration only after giving notice of the suspension or revocation to the registrant. A suspension remains in effect until the registrant complies with the applicable sections or, in the case of a suspension under paragraph (2), until the Secretary revokes the suspension.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, upon an order in accordance with section 324(a) of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act, the Secretary shall carry out the relief specified by revoking or imposing limitations on existing registrations of Mexico-domiciled motor carriers of cargo to operate beyond the municipalities along the United States-Mexico international border and the commercial zones of those municipalities as directed.
(Added Pub. L. 104–88, title I, § 103,
Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 884; amended Pub. L. 104–287, § 5(33), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3392; Pub. L. 105–102, § 2(10), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2204; Pub. L. 106–159, title II, § 206(a), Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1763; Pub. L. 109–59, title IV, §§ 4104, 4303(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1716, 1761; Pub. L. 110–291, § 2(b), July 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2915; Pub. L. 112–141, div. C, title II, §§ 32103(a), 32109, 32205, 32917, 32933(a), July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 778, 782, 785, 821, 830; Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title V, § 5508(a)(3), Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1554; Pub. L. 116–113, title III, § 326(b), Jan. 29, 2020, 134 Stat. 60.)
cite as: 49 USC 13905